12/31/2017

ENTER ... Fudo Myo-O

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.. .. .. .. Welcome to the Fudo Myo-O Encyclopedia
.. .. .. .. and the Japanese Deities!

お不動さま、不動明王にようこそ! 


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Carved by 西村公朝 Nishimura Kocho in 1975
in a keya tree (Torreya nucifera)


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Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
- Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

Who is he? - Introduction


Fudoo Myoo-Oo / Acala Vidyârâja 不動明王
Fudoo Myoo-Oo - Japanese   

19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O . 不動十九観

Three Most Famous Fudo . 三大不動尊 Sandai Fudo Son

Fudo Myo-o. Explanation in German. auf Deutsch


CLICK for more photos CLICK for many more photos CLICK for english information


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. - Latest Updates - .

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- - - - - other names

Acalanaatha, Acalanatha, Ācalanātha, Acala-Natha

Aryacalanatha, Āryācalanātha 阿奢羅曩 "immovable Lord"

Fudoo Son, Mudoo Son 不動尊 - 無動尊 Fudo Son, Mudo Son

Fudoo Shisha 不動使者 "Messenger Fudo"
in the sutra 不空羂索神変真言経
- - - - - (messenger of Dainichi Nyorai)
Mudoo Shisha 無動使者

Candacala, Candamaharoshana, Candaroshana, Mahakandaroshana
- as an emanation of Buddha Akshobhya (Tibetan connection)

jigo kongoo - Jigo Kongo, "diamond guardian of compassion"

joojuu kongoo. Jōjū Kongō 常住金剛 joju kongo
"eternally abiding diamond",“eternal and immutable diamond”

Trailokyavijaya

Vajrabhishana, Vajrabisana


- - - - - Sometimes he is even called
不動明はデビルマン Devil man

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There are so many names of temples, people and special Fudo statues, they need a list of their own.

. - ABC LIST - Introduction - .

- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW -

- XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -



- - - - - as of June 2014
. Contents from A to P .

. Contents from Q to Z .



This is a growing list, please come back!
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My Fudo Myo-O Photoalbum
. . . FLICKR albums . . .

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納め不動、成田山 Osame-Fudo
CLICK for more photos
The Last Fudo Fire Ritual of the Year, Narita-san






NEXT
..... Japanese Deities


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12/30/2017

Japanese Deities

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. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke - the Deities of Japan .
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Japanese Buddhas and Deities
日本の神仏  shinbutsu



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.................. Introducing Buddha Statues

History of Buddha Statues in Japan 仏像の歴史



.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Nyorai Group 如来

Amida Buddha 阿弥陀如来

Dainichi Nyorai 大日如来 The Great Sun, Center of the Universe

O-Take Nyorai お竹如来

Shaka Nyorai 釈迦如来  Gautama Buddha

Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来、Buddha of Medicine


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Bosatsu Group 菩薩

. Bosatsu 菩薩  Bodhisattva Group .


Daigen Shuri Bosatsu 招宝七郎大権修理菩薩
monastery-protecting spirit (gogaranjin 護伽藍神)
and temple Anryu-Ji 安竜寺


Fugen Bosatsu 普賢菩薩(ふげんぼさつ) (Samantabhadra)
and the white Elephant


Hoki Bosatsu, Hooki Bosatsu 法起菩薩 ... "Hoodoo Sennin" 法道仙人, Temple Bodaiji 菩提寺, Saint Tokudo 徳道上人


... ... ... Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩
- with more details -

Ajimi Jizo 嘗試地蔵 and Kobo DaishiKoya san

Jizo as Jigoku Bosatsu 地獄菩薩, Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu
南無地獄大菩薩

Asekaki Jizoo, the Sweating Jizo 汗かき地蔵

Gote Jizoo ごて地蔵 Gote Jizo , Osaka, Kita-Ku
曽根崎警察署の裏

Hadaka Jizoo Naked Jizo 裸地蔵

Hooroku Jizoo ほうろく地蔵 with an earthen pot on his head
(Horoku Jizo 焙烙地蔵)

Miso Jizoo 広島のみそ地蔵

O-Bake Jizoo 化け地蔵 the monstrous Jizo statues Nikko

Omokaru Jizoo, Heavy or Light Jizo おもかる地蔵、重軽地蔵

Shinpei-Ji 心平寺 地蔵  Kencho-Ji, Kamakura

Shioname Jizo 塩嘗地蔵 Salt-tasting Jizo in Kamakura

Yonaki Jizo and babies crying at night 夜泣き地蔵



... ... ... Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩

Batoo Kannon, Horseheaded Kannon 馬頭観音

Hakodate 33 Kannon Pilgrimage 西国移土三十三観音, 函館市湯川寺

Hatakiri Kannon はたきり観音さん, Shikoku Henro 10

Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 Mother of all Buddhas
准胝仏母(じゅんていぶっぽ)

Maria Kannon マリア観音 Christians in Nagasaki

Nyoirin Kannon, Wishfulfilling Kannon如意輪観音
..... Seiryuu Gongen, Dragon Deity Zennyo 清瀧権現

O-Shichi Kannon お七観音 at temple Tanjo-Ji in Okayama 誕生寺 (Tanjooji)

Senju Kannon, with 1000 Arms and Juuichimen Kannon with 11 heads 千手観音, 十一面観音

Shichimen Kannon 七面観音 Nichiren and Mount Minobu
Shichimen Daibosatsu 七面大菩薩

Usuzumi Kannon, Light Charcoal Cherry Tree Kannon 薄墨観音




Kokuuzoo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokuzo Bosatsu
Akashagarbha Bodhisattva.
Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Memory



Maso Bosatsu, Senrigan and Junpuji 媽祖菩薩, 千里眼, 順風耳

Memyo Bosatsu 馬鳴菩薩. Ashvagosha

Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒菩薩 Maitreya

Monju Bosatsu 文殊菩薩 Manjushri

Myoken Bosatsu (Myooken Bosatsu) 妙見菩薩
and Star Shrines in Japan, Hoshi Jinja 星神社

Nikko Bosatsu (Sunlight) Gakko Bosatsu (Moonlight)
日光菩薩と月光菩薩 Suryaprabha and Candraprabha



Seishi Bosatsu 勢至菩薩 Mahasthamaprapta


Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩 Deity of Mount Fuji



Daibosatsu is a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva."


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Myo-O Group 明王の部

Aizen Myo-O  愛染明王

Daigensui 大元帥明王 Taigen (Atavaka)

Daiitoku Myo-O 大威徳明王 Yamaantaka


. . . . Fudo Myo-O ... see above


Goosanze Myo-O 降三世明王 Gosanze Trilokavijaya


Kujaku Myo-O 孔雀明王 The Pheasant Wisdom King 

Ususama Myo-O 烏瑟沙摩明王
Ucchusma, deity of the toilet

Zao Gongen 蔵王権現


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Ten Group, Tenbu 天部 Deva, Devas

Many of them are devas are deities coming from India and some have shrines with a torii 鳥居entrance gate dedicated to them. The division between Shinto and Buddhism is difficult here, ecpecially since many sanctuaries were erected before the separation of the two religions in Japan in the Meiji period.


Ashura, Asura (あしゅら) 阿修羅


Benzaiten 弁財天, Benten 弁天 Benzai-Ten
..... Benten and the Gods of Water


Bishamonten、Tamonten 多聞天 (Vaishravana) 毘沙門天、毘沙門の使ひ

Bishukatsuma 毘首羯磨 (Vishvakarman ヴィシュヴァカルマン)
自在天王・工巧天・巧妙天

Daikoku Ten 大黒天 Daikoku sama

Dairokuten Ma-O ... 第六天魔王, 大六天 Take Jizaiten 他化自在天

Dakiniten, Dakini Ten (Vajra Daakini) 荼枳尼天

Datsueba 奪衣婆 or 脱衣婆 the Old Hag of Hell

Ebisu ... 夷 恵比寿 恵比須 えびす、エビス God of Good Luck

Enma Ten, Enma Oo (Emma): The King of Hell閻魔天、閻魔王
..... The Ten Kings of Hell, Juu Oo 十王


Gigeiten 伎芸天 Daijizai Tennyo 大自在天女 and
Daijizai Ten 大自在天 (Shiva)

Gohoojin 護法神 Protectors of the Buddhist law


Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai

Idaten 韋駄天 (Skanda)

Juuni Shinshoo 十二神将 Twelve Heavenly Generals,
12 Warrior Generals

Kankiten (Ganesh) Elephant-headed deity

Kichijoten 吉祥天 Kichijooten (Lakshmi, Shri Mahadevi)

Kishibojin 鬼子母神, Kishimojin, Kangimo, Kariteimo 訶梨帝母

Kuroyami Ten 黒闇天 Kokuan Ten of the Darkness
Kuroyami Tennyo 黒闇天女(くろやみてんにょ)

Madarajin, Matarajin, Matara Shin 摩多羅神 Mathara, Mahakala

Mao son 護法魔王尊 Gohoo Maoo Son
and the three sonten 尊天 of Kurama mountain temple

Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten

Nio, Deva Kings 仁王 (Nioo, Niou)


. Ototen 乙天 Bishamonten .


Shakudaijin 石大神 - near Ogisu, Suzuka-gun, Kyoto
- reference -


Shomen Kongo 青面金剛 Shoomen Kongoo
and
- Kooshin 庚申 Kōshin, Koshin Ka-no-e-saru -


Taishakuten, Taishaku Ten 帝釈天
Indra, Sakra Deva, Shakra Devanam Indra
and the Koshin Cult (kooshin 庚申, ka no e saru)


The Gods of the four elements 風水天地の神様
水神 Suijin, 風神 Fuujin, 地神 Chijin, 火神 Kajin


Seven Gods of Good Luck 七福神 Shichifukujin 


. Wakaten 若天 Fudo Myo-O .

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Saints and holy figures


Binzuru 賓頭盧 (Pinzuru)

. MORE Fellow Pilgrims .


. Memorial Days of Poets .


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Hibutsu ... 秘仏 ... Secret and hidden Buddha statues

Temples and Shrines of Japan



Busshi 仏師 ... Buddhist Sculptors Gallery



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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. Shinto Deities 神道の神様


. - - - kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-list - - - .


- - - - - The Gods of Japan and Haiku (kami to hotoke)


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quote
Shingō 神語
A "divine title" affixed to the name of a kami.
A wide variety of titles have come into use in accordance with the unique characteristics of kami, and as a result of historical changes in the way kami have been understood. In the ancient period, the title mikoto was used, while expressions such as myōjin ("shining kami"), daibosatsu (great bodhisattva), and gongen (avatar) came into use as a product of kami-buddha combinatory cults (shinbutsu shūgō). During the Edo period, the title reisha ("spirit shrine") was applied to the departed spirits of human beings.

The title mikoto, written variously with the characters 命 or 尊 was used in ancient classics such as Kojiki and Nihongi as a title of respect for both kami and noble persons. It is believed that mi represents an honorific prefix, while koto means "thing," "event," or "word"; together, the reading mikoto has been interpreted as referring to a "noble personage," "minister" or "medium" (mikotomochi), and "noble child" (miko; see mikogami).

Nihongi differentiates between the usage of characters 尊 and 命 for mikoto, stating that the earlier character is used to refer only to kami of the utmost dignity with direct linkage to the imperial descent, while the latter character is used for all other kami.

The title myōjin 明神 as applied to Japanese kami is believed to evolved from an earlier term myōjin 名神 ("eminent kami"), which was used in ancient works like Engishiki to refer to kami of particularly noteworthy power. Under the influence of the homophonic myōjin 明神 ("shining deity") found in Chinese and Buddhist texts, the latter character combination came to be applied to indigenous kami as well.

Daibosatsu is obviously a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva." The title daibosatsu is first seen in 781, when the kami Hachiman was honored with the title Gokoku Reigen Iriki Jintsū Daibosatsu ("Great Bodhisattva of National Protection and Marvelous Spirit Power"). From that time, the title daibosatsu has been applied to numerous other kami, including Fuji Sengen Daibosatsu and Tado Daibosatsu.

Gongen (avatar) is likewise of Buddhist origin, a term deriving from the doctrine of honji suijaku ("original essence, manifest traces"). According to this belief, buddhas may provisionally manifest themselves in this world in the form of kami or deities indigenous to various locales. Some well-known kami bestowed with this title include Kumano Gongen, Kasuga Gongen, and Hakusan Gongen.

The title reisha originates with the Yuiitsu Shinto school of the Yoshida family, which first used the term to refer to a shrine erected over the grave of the school's founder. Mano Tokitsuna's Kokin shingaku ruihen describes reisha as "a general term referring to shrines devoted to the spirits of human beings," but the term was also later used as a title for the kami themselves. Within Yoshida Shintō, the titles reijin reisha and myōjin were all applied to deceased human spirits, and this usage influenced the use of the terms in other schools as well, including Yoshikawa Shintō and Suika Shintō, where they were applied to persons who had mastered the deepest imports of the religion. Some of these individuals included Yoshikawa Koretari, posthumously titled Miaredō Reisha, and Yamazaki Ansai, who was titled Suika Reisha.

Another unusual example of the attribution of shingō to humans is that of Sugawara Michizane, who was titled tenjin or "heavenly deity."
source : Sato Masato, Kokugakuin 2005


More details and introduction:
. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke .
shinbutsu shūgō 神仏習合 Syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism
shinbutsu bunri 神仏分離 Separation of Shinto and Buddhism


日本の神仏の辞典 - 大島建彦 (編集)

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CLICK to look at Japanese Buddha Statues

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My Books in German

Buddhistische Kultgegenstände Japans
by Gabi Greve
(Buddhist Ritual and Ceremonial Tools, butsugu, hoogu)


Ich widme dieses Buch, in grosser Dankbarkeit, einem grossen Sensei, Dietrich Seckel.
Okayama Pref., Japan 1996



Buddhastatuen ... Who is Who,
Ein Wegweiser zur Ikonografie von japanischen Buddhastatuen
by Gabi Greve
1994
(All about Japanese Buddhastatues)
With a Review by Dietrich Seckel


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The best ONLINE introduction !

THE FACE OF BUDDHISM and SHINTOISM
IN JAPANESE ART


! Mark Schumacher !
(I am contributing to this site too.)


Article:
Buddhism and Shinto
Michael Hofmann, March 2010


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Buddha Statues and Japanese Deities by
. Master Carver Enku 円空 .
[1632?~1695]


Shinto deities and haiku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


The first visit or ceremony for a Japanese deity is often a KIGO!
. WKD : New Year Ceremonies


. shinbutsu in Edo 江戸の神仏 Kami and Hotoke in Edo .

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12/29/2017

Fudo Myo-O Introduction

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Who is Fudo Myo-O, the Wisdom King ?

Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo , Fudou Myou Ou 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

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- quote
Acala (Skr.: Acala, Achala अचल; "immovable" one)
is a guardian deity primarily revered in Vajrayana Buddhism in Japan, China and elsewhere.

He is classed among the vidyārāja and preeminent among the Five Wisdom Kings of the Womb Realm. Accordingly, his figure occupies an important hierarchical position in the pictorial diagramatic Mandala of the Two Realms. In Japan, Acala is revered in the Shingon, Tendai, Zen and Nichiren sects.



Overview
Descriptions of his physical appearance derive from such scriptural source as the Mahavairocana Tantra (Dainichikyō (『大日経』)) and its annotation.

His face is expressive of extreme wrath, wrinkle-browed,left eye squinted or looking askance, lower teeth biting down the upper lip. He has the physique of a corpulent (round-bellied) child. He bears a sword in his right hand, and a lariat or noose (kensaku (羂索)) in his left hand. He is engulfed in flame, and seated on a "huge rock base" (banjakuza (盤石座)).

Acala is said to be a powerful deity who protects All the Living (sattva, shujō (衆生)) by burning away all impediments (antar-aya, shōnan (障難)) and defilements, thus aiding them towards enlightenment.

In Japanese esoteric Buddhism, according to an arcane interpretive concept known as the "three wheel-embodiments(ja)" or san rinjin (三輪身) Acala and the rest of the five wisdom kings are considered kyōryō tenshin (教令輪身 "embodiments of the wheel of injunction"), or beings whose actions constitute the teaching of the law (the other embodiments teach by word, or merely by their manifest existence). Under this conceptualization, the wisdom kings are ranked superior to the Dharmapala (gohō zenshin (護法善神)), a different class of guardian deities. Nevertheless, this distinction sometimes fails to be asserted, or the two are openly treated as synonymous by many commentators, even in clearly Japanese religious contexts.

The Sanskrit symbol that represents Acala is hāṃ हां ( conventionally transliterated kān (kaan) (カーン)).
However, it has been confounded with the similar glyph (हूं hūṃ), prompting some commentators to mistakenly identify the Acala with other deities. (The Sanskrit symbol is called siddham, bonji (梵字)), or "seed syllable" (zh: bīja, Ja: shuji (種子)).

Some of the other transliterations and variants to his name are Ācalanātha, Āryācalanātha, Ācala-vidyā-rāja. The Hindu form of the deity may also be known as Caṇḍamahāroṣaṇa or Caṇḍaroṣaṇa "the violent-wrathful" one.

History
Originally the Hindu deity Acalanātha (अचलनाथ),
whose name in Sanskrit signifies ācala "immovable" + nātha' "protector, Acala was incorporated into esoteric Buddhism (late 7th century, India) as a servant of Buddha. In Tang Dynasty China, he became Budong (pinyin: Búdòng; Middle Chinese: /pǝw dungx/- 不動, "immovable"), a translated-meaning-name derived from Acala. In turn, the deity was imported into Japan as Fūdō (不動) "immovable") by the priest Kobo Daishi Kūkai (died 835) who was studying in China as a member of the Kentoshi mission, and founded the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism.

As the deity's importance waned in India and China (as did the religion itself), the iconic image remained popular throughout the Middle Ages (and into modern times) in Nepal, Tibet and Japan, where sculptural and pictorial representations of them are most often found. Much of the iconography comes from Japan, where a popular cult especially devoted to him has developed.

In Tibetan Buddhism and art, the buddha Akshobhya, whose name also means "the immovable one", presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to the Acala/Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an "emanation" of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.

Acala in Japan
Fudō-myōō (不動明王) is the full Japanese name for Acala-vidyaraja, or Fudō (o-Fudō-sama etc.) for short. It is the literal translation of the Sanskrit term "immovable wisdom king".

Iconography
Acala in Buddhist art since the Heian era has depicted him as angry-faced, holding a vajra sword and a lariat. In later representations, such as those used by the yamabushi monks, he may have one fang pointing up and another pointing down, and a braid on the one side of his head.

The sword he holds may or may not be flaming and sometimes described only generically as a hōken (宝剣 "treasure sword") or as kongō-ken (金剛杵 "vajra sword"), which is descriptive of the fact that the pommel of the sword is in the shape of the talon-like kongō-sho (金剛杵 "vajra") of one type or another. It may also be referred to as sanko-ken (三鈷剣 "three-pronged vajra sword"). However in some cases as in the Akafudo painting, the divinity is seen holding the Kurikara-ken, a sword with the dragon coiled around it.

The flaming nimbus or halo behind the statue is known as the "karura flame", after a mythical firebreathing birdlike creature, the garuda.

The two boy servants who is usually depicted in attendance to Acala are named Kongara (Kiṃkara) and Seitaka (Ceṭaka) though there are said to be eight such boy servants altoghether, and as many as forty-eight servants overall.

His seat, the banjakuza (盤石座 or "huge rock base")   is considered an appropriate iconographic symbol to demonstrate the steadfastness of" the Fudō.

Acala/Fudo Cult
In Japan, Acala became an idol of worship in its own right, and became installed as the gohonzon (本尊) or main deity at temples and outdoor shrines. A famous example is the Narita Fudo, a Shingon subsect temple at Narita-san.

At Shingon Buddhist temples dedicated to Ācala, priests perform the Fudō-hō (不動法), or ritual service to enlist the deity's power of purification to benefit the faithful. This rite routinely involves the use of the ritual burning ceremony, fire ritual or goma (護摩) (Skr.: Homa) as a purification tool.

Lay persons or monks in yamabushi gear who go into rigorous training outdoors in the mountains also often pray to small Ācala statue or talisman they carry, which serve as his honzon. This praciticed path of yamabushi's training, known as Shugendō, predates the introduction of Ācala, so at first adored idols such as the Zaō Gongen who appeared before the sect's founder En no Ozunu or the Vairocana. But eventually Ācala was added to list of deities most typically enshrined by the yamabushi monks, either portable, or installed in outdoor shrines (hokora). These statues would be often placed near waterfalls (a common training ground) and deep in the mountains and in caves.

Ācala also tops the list of so-called Thirteen Buddhas (jūsan butsu (十三仏)). Thus Shingon sect mourners assign the Fudo the "First Seven Days" (Shonanoka (初七日)) of service. The first week is an important observance, but perhaps not as prominently important as the observance of "seven times seven days" (i.e. 49 days) signifying the end of "intermediate state" (bardo).

Literature on Shinto Buddhist ritual will explain that such and such Sanskrit "seed syllable", or mantra or mudra is attendant to each of the "buddhas" for each observance period. But the scholarly consensus seems to be that the invoking of the "Thirteen Buddhas" had evolved later around the 14th century and became widespread by the following century, so this could not have been part of the original teachings by priest Kukai, but rather a later adaptation.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- quote
Acala Vidyârâja
is one of the Vidyârâjas (Myôô) class of deities, and a very wrathful deity.

He is portrayed holding a sword in his right hand and a coiled rope in his left hand. With this sword of wisdom, Acala cuts through deluded and ignorant minds and with the rope he binds those who are ruled by their violent passions and emotions. He leads them onto the correct path of self control. Acala is also portrayed surrounded by flames, flames which consume the evil and the defilements of this world. He sits on a flat rock which symbolizes the unshakeable peace and bliss which he bestows to the minds and the bodies of his devotees.

Purpose and Vows
Acala transmits the teachings and the injunctions of Mahâvairocana to all living beings and whether they agree to accept or to reject these injunctions is up to them, Acala's blue/black body and fierce face symbolize the force of his will to draw all beings to follow the teachings of the Buddha. Nevertheless, Acala's nature is essentially one of compassion and he has vowed to be of service to all beings for eternity.

Acala also represents his aspect of service by having his hair knotted in the style of a servant: his hair is tied into seven knots and falls down from his head on the left side. Acala has two teeth protruding from out of his mouth, an upper tooth and a lower tooth. The upper tooth is pointed downward and this represents his bestowing unlimited compassion who are suffering in body and spirit. His lower tooth is pointed upward and this represents the strength of his desire to progress upward in his service for the Truth. In his upward search for Bodhi and in his downward concern for suffering beings, he represents the beginning of the religious quest, the awakening of the Bodhicitta and the beginning of his compassionate concern for others.
It is for this reason that the figure of Acala is placed first among
the thirteen deities (juusanbutsu 十三仏).

His vow is to do battle with evil with a powerful mind of compassion and to work for the protection of true happiness. To pray for recovery from illness and for safety while traveling is to rely upon his vow and power to save. Acala is also the guide for the deceased, to help save them and assist them in becoming buddhas for the first seven days after death.

Read more about these 13 deities.
http://www.shingon.org/deities/jusanbutsu/fudo.html

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The 19 characteristics of Fudo Myo-O
... ... ... The 19 Signs ... ... ...


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Firmly Rooted: On Fudo Myoo's Origins
Standing Fast: Fudō Myōō in Japanese Literature


. 2 Articles by Richard K. Payne .


Read more on this extensive page about Buddha Statues
... Mark Schumacher ...

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CLICK for more samples - 不動明王 梵字 !


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12/28/2017

19 Signs

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19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O

不動十九観 / 不動十九相観

Fudoo Juukyuu Sansoo
Fudo Jukyu Sanso

Just as Buddha Shakyamuni has 32 characteristic signs, Fudo Myo-O has 19.
They are described in documents of the Tendai sect like the following:

1 He is an incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai.
2 His Mantra has the four letters : a ro kan man .
3 He usually lives in a world of fire.
4 He has the figure of a fat young man, rather unpleasant.
5 He has seven knots in his hair and a lotus blossom on top of them.

6 On his left shoulder a plait of hair hangs down.
7 The wrinkles on his forehead look like water waves.
8 The left eye is closed, the right one wide open. - eyes
9 He bites his right upper lip with the lower teeth and his left lip protrudes.
10 He has his mouth shut strictly.

11 He carries a three-pronged sword in his right hand.
12 He carries a rope in his left hand.
13 He eats the leftover food of ascetic monks.
14 He stands or sits on a throne of stone.
15 His body color is of an unpleasant black-blue-green.

16 His look is fierce and threatening.
17 He has a fiery Garuda bird on his halo.
18 A Kurikara Dragon is wrapped around his sword.
19 He has two child acolytes by his side.


05 - 06 . kami 髪 his hairstyle .
shichi shakei 七沙髻 / benpatsu 一弁髪

07 . suiha 水波相 wrinkles on his forehead .

08 . tenchigan 天地眼 "eyes of heaven and earth" .

09 . kiba 牙 the teeth of Fudo .

11 . gooma riken 降魔利剣 demon-subjugating sharp sword .

12 . kensaku, kenjaku 羂索 rope, lariat, noose .

14 . daiza 台座 seat, throne .

17 . koohai, kōhai 光背 mandorla, halo, Nimbus.

18 . Kurikara sword 倶利伽羅不動剣 .

19 . Sanjuuroku Dooji 三十六童子 36 Attendants .
Kongara 矜迦羅童子(こんがらどうじ)、
Seitaka 制迦童子(せいたかどうじ)

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天台僧 安然が、「不動立印儀軌修行次第」により不動明王を想い従うために唱えたもの

(1)大日如来の化身
(2)真言中に、ア・ロ・カン・マンの4字がある
(3)常に火生三昧(かしょうざんまい)に住んでいる
(4)肥満した童子の姿で、卑しい
(5)頭頂に七沙髻があり、蓮華をのせている

(6)左肩に一弁髪を垂らす benpatsu
(7)額に水波(すいは)のようなしわがある suiha
(8)左の目を閉じ右の目を開いている
(9)下の歯で右上の唇を噛み、左下の唇の外へ出している
(10)口を硬く閉じている

(11)右手に三鈷剣を持っている
(12)左手に羂索を持っている
(13)行者の残食を食べる
(14)大磐石の上に安座している
(15)色が醜く青黒

(16)奮迅して憤怒している
(17)光背に迦楼羅炎(かるらえん)がある
(18)倶力迦羅竜が剣にまとわりついている
(19)両脇に2童子が侍している
source : www.kyototsuu.jp



Buddha Shakyamuni
Signs of a Great Man 32 and 80

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. Ganjoojuin 願成就院 Ganjoju- In, Shizuoka .

The statue of Fudo was carved according to the
19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O.

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11/24/2016

Shiga Prefecture

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Shiga Prefecture 滋賀県 Fudo Myo-O



The capital is the city of Otsu 大津.

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. Enman-In Monzeki 円満院門跡 / 圓満院 .  
滋賀県大津市園城寺町33, - 33 Onjojicho, Ōtsu, Shiga

Enryaku-Ji Hieizan 比叡山延暦寺 - 不動明王二童子像
. Saicho, Dengyo Daishi 伝教大師最澄 and Hieizan .

. Ishiyamadera 石山寺 .
Otsu, Shiga

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. Katsuragawa 葛川息障明王院
Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In .

滋賀県大津市葛川坊村町155 / Otsu, Katsuragawa Bomuracho 155
and
Mudooji 無動寺明王堂 Mudo-Ji Fudo-Do
滋賀県大津市坂本本町4220 / 4220 Sakamotohonmachi, Otsu
and
建立大師相応和尚 Priest Konryu Daishi So-O Kasho (833 - 918)


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. Kiyomizu no taki 清水の滝 waterfall .
佐賀県小城市清水の滝 Shiga prefecture, Ogi Town

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Kongoorinji, Kongōrin-ji 金剛輪寺 Kongorin-Ji
滋賀県愛知郡愛荘町松尾寺873
874 Matsuoji, Aisho Town, Echigun, Shiga

- quote -
Kongourinji Temple is one of the three Koto Sanzan temples of the Tendai Sect.
The main temple is a Japanese style building representative of the Kamakura period (1192 to 1333) and a designated National Treasure. The gardens, which were created from the Azuchi-Momoyama period (1573 - 1603) to the middle of the Edo period (1603 - 1868), are a designated place of Scenic Beauty.
- source : en.biwako-visitors.jp -

at Jooshooan 常照庵 Josho-an


Statue from the Kamakura period.
Fudo is 108.5 cm high,


the statues at his side
矜羯羅童子 Kongara Doji - 54.2cm
制吨迦童子 Seitaka Doji - 29.9cm

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. Namura Jinja 苗村神社 Namura Shrine .
滋賀県蒲生郡竜王町大字綾戸467 / 467 Ayado, Ryuo-cho, Gamo-gun, Shiga

. Shoobooji 正法寺 Shobo-Ji .
滋賀県大津市石山内畑町82 / 82 Ishiyamauchi hatachō, Ōtsu-shi, Shiga


. Shoomyooji 正明寺 Shomyo-Ji .
滋賀県蒲生郡日野町松尾 - Matsuo town, Shiga

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Tomikawa Magaibutsu 富川磨崖仏 Tomikawa Cliff Buddha
滋賀県大津市大石富川町


The statue is of 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai. Water dripping down near his ear for years has changed the color and the local people call it
mimidare Fudo 耳だれ不動 "Fudo with hanging earlobes".



Made in the Kamakura Period.
. Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 stone carvings .

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Zensuiji 善水寺 Zensui-Ji
滋賀県湖南市岩根3518 / 3518 Iwane, Konan, Shiga


Statue from the Heian period.
Made from one piece of kaya wood カヤ材の一木造り (Torreya nucifera). 73 cm high.
It is most probably from the year 993, when the statue of Yakushi Nyorai was made.

- quote -
The main hall of Zensuiji Temple is a designated National Treasure, and one of the three Konan Sanzan temples.
It is a popular spot in the fall, when wonderful crimson leaves can be seen. The interior also features no less than 15 Buddha statues, including representative pieces from the Tempyo period (710 - 794) and the Heian period (794 - 1185), all of which are more than worth making the trip to see them.
- source : en.biwako-visitors.jp/spot -

This temple also belongs to the
. Pilgrimage to 49 Temples of
Yakushi Nyorai in Western Japan
西国四十九薬師巡礼 .

Nr. 47 - 第47番 医王山 善水寺 Zensui-Ji 滋賀県湖南市


- reference and more photos : kanagawabunnkaken.web.fc2.com -

- Homepage of the temple
- reference source : www.zensuiji.jp -


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. Kinki 近畿三十六不動尊霊場
Kinki Pilgrimage to 36 Fudo Temples .

25. 円満院門跡 / 圓満院 Enman-In Monzeki . Shiga
26. 無動寺明王堂 Mudo-Ji, Myo-O Do - Shiga (Otsu)
27. 葛川息障明王院 Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In - Shiga (Otsu)

- photos and reference : biwako-visitors.jp/shinbutsuimasu -

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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- - #shigaprefecture #shigafudo - -
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11/08/2016

Nagasaki Pilgrims

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. 九州三十六不動尊霊場 Kyushu - 36 Fudo temples .
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- Nagasaki 長崎県

22 龍照寺 厄よけ不動 - Yakuyoke Fudo
23 正覚寺 波切り不動 - Namikiri Fudo


One temple also belong to the Henro Pilgrimage.
This number is given in brackets (xx).


source : setokeiichiro.com

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Ryuushooji 龍照寺 Ryusho-Ji
Nr. 22 (64) Fugenzan 普賢山 - 龍照寺 
厄よけ不動 Yakuyoke Fudo


. Nr. 64 Ryuushooji 龍照寺  Ryusho-Ji .
長崎県南島原市深江町戊3987-35

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Shookakuji 正覚寺 Shokaku-Ji
Nr. 23 護国山 Gokokusan - 正覚寺 
波切り不動 Namikiri Fudo



長崎県長崎市矢上町13-25 / 13-25 Yagamimachi, Nagasaki

A temple of the 曹洞宗(禅宗) Soto Zen sect,
with 釈迦牟尼佛 Shaka Nyorai as its main statue .

- Chant of the temple
護国山 法につつみし 暁の 悟り修めと 大悲のめぐみ
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source : setokeiichiro.com

The statue is most probably from the 藤原期 Fujiwara period.

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shuin 朱印 stamp





- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : nagasaki-hiroba.net/syoukakuzi


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- - - reference 長崎 正覚寺 - - -


. 九州88ヶ所108霊場 Kyushu - 88 and 108 Henro temples .

. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


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- #nagasakifudo #shokakujinagasaki -
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Saga Pilgrims

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. 九州三十六不動尊霊場 Kyushu - 36 Fudo temples .
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- Saga 佐賀県

24 誕生院 錐鑽 身代り不動 - Kirimomi Migawari Fudo
25 大聖寺 杉岳の身代り不動 - Migawari Fudo
26 無動院 願かけ不動 - Gankake Fudo
27 正福寺 身代り不動 - Migawari Fudo
28 千如寺宝池坊 道中守り不動 - Dochu Mamori Fudo
29 真光院 くぼた不動 - Kubota Fudo
30 延命院 一願不動 - Ichigan Fudo
31 金乗院 出世不動 - Shusse Fudo


Some Temples also belong to the Henro Pilgrimage.
This number is given in brackets (xx).


source : setokeiichiro.com


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24 誕生院 錐鑽 身代り不動 -
Tanjo-In Kirimomi Migawari Fudo

佐賀県鹿島市納富分2011 / Kirishima

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25 大聖寺 杉岳の身代り不動 Daisho-Ji - Suginotake Migawari Fudo
佐賀県杵島郡北方町大字大崎6694 / Kishimagun, Kitagatamachi


26 無動院 願かけ不動 - Mudo-In Gankake Fudo
佐賀県杵島郡山内町大字大野9122 / Kishigamun, Yamauchicho


27 正福寺 身代り不動 Shofuku-Ji - Migawari Fudo
佐賀県東松浦郡北波多村大字大杉838 / Matsuuragun, Kitahatamura, Daigaku Osugi

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Sennyoji 千如寺 Sennyo-Ji
Nr. 28 雷山 Raizan - 千如寺 - 宝池坊 Hochi-Bo
道中守り不動 - Dochu Mamori Fudo to protect on the road


The main temple is located on the border to Fukuoka
福岡県前原市雷山626 626 Raizan, Itoshima, Fukuoka

- quote -
a Shingon temple in Itoshima, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Its honorary sangō prefix is Sennyo-ji Daihiō-in (千如寺大悲王院).
It is also referred to as Raizan Kannon (雷山観音).

According to legend, Sennyo-ji was founded in the Nara period by 清賀上人 Seiga, a priest who came from India.

Due to its position in the north overlooking the Sea of Genkai, it has been expected from the shogunate as a prayer temple of the foremost line against the Mongol invasions of Japan during the Kamakura period. In its heyday has been said to be lined up to 300 priest living quarters around the temple. Sennyo-ji is a general term of this temple, and it is also referred to as the priest's lodge that was located next to the middle sanctuary, the present day site of Ikazuchi-jinja. The wooden Avalokiteśvara statue is the subject of mountainous faith that has been enshrined in the main hall.
Afterwards the priest living quarters were ruined during the long war between Muromachi and Sengoku periods, there only remains the priest's lodge. In 1573, however, the main hall was founded by Kuroda Tsugutaka (1703–1775), the 6th feudal lord of Kuroda clan. Big maple trees, which has been designated as a natural monument of Fukuoka prefecture, has been said to be planted by him.


CLICK for more autumn photos !

Mount Rai has two sanctuaries, one at the middle of the mountain and one at its peak. The middle sanctuary was founded in honor of Emperor Suinin whom he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 29 BC to AD 70. Both sanctuaries have been governed by the temple until the Edo period. However, the priest's lodge in the middle sanctuary was abolished by the separation of Shinto from Buddhism, introduced after the Meiji Restoration. Cultural properties, such as Buddha statues including the main Buddha and the ancient documents, were moved to the main hall.

The temple is also known for being a great place for cherry blossom viewing in the spring, and many people visit in the autumn to see the fall foliage.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Priest Seiga brought brought seeds from camellia (tsubaki 椿) and made oil from them for the first time.
Mount Aburayama 油山 (597 m) in Fukuoka is named in memory of this event.
油山観音正覚寺 Aburayama Kannon, Temple Shokaku-Ji
福岡県福岡市城南区東油山508

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(82) 雷山 千如寺大悲王院 Raizan Sennyo-Ji - Daihio-In
- reference source : kyushyu88.com/temple82-

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29 真光院 くぼた不動 Shinko-In - Kubota Fudo
佐賀県佐賀郡久保田町新田 / Sagagun, Kubotacho, Shinden

30 延命院 一願不動 Enmei-In - Ichigan Fudo
佐賀県佐賀市与賀町2-45 / 2-45 Yokamachi, Saga-shi

31 金乗院 出世不動 Konjo-In - Shusse Fudo
佐賀県神埼郡三田川町目達原 / Kanzakigun, Mitagawacho, Medabara


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bangai 萬寿寺 Manju-Ji(通称・お不動さん)
本尊 -- 不動明王
佐賀市大和町川上1109

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- - - reference - coara.or.jp/~rinsaiji - 佐賀県 - - -

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. 九州88ヶ所108霊場 Kyushu - 88 and 108 Henro temples .

. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
- #sagapilgrims -
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Oita Pilgrims

[ . BACK to Daruma Museum TOP . ]
. 九州三十六不動尊霊場 Kyushu - 36 Fudo temples .
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- Oita 大分県

01 両子寺 無風帯不動 - Mufutai Fudo
02 神宮寺 大獄不動 - Daigoku Fudo
03 成仏寺 除災不動 - Josai Fudo
04 文殊仙寺 仙の不動 - Sen no Fudo
05 実相院 夷不動 - Ebisu Fudo
06 無動寺 黒土不動 - Kurotsuchi Fudo
07 応暦寺 慈相不動 - Jiso Fudo
08 三明院 身代り不動 - Migawari Fudo
09 円寿寺 願かけ不動 - Gankake Fudo
10 臨済寺 厄よけ不動 - Yakuyoke Fudo


One temple also belong to the Henro Pilgrimage.
This number is given in brackets (xx).


source : setokeiichiro.com


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Futagoji 両子寺 Futago-Ji
Nr. 01 足曳山 - 両子寺
無風帯不動 - Mufutai Fudo



大分県国東市安岐町両子1548 / 1548 Akimachi Futago, Kunisaki-shi, Ōita

The main statue is 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai.

A Tendai Buddhist temple, located on the slopes of Mount Futago, the highest mountain on the Kunisaki Peninsula. The temple was established in 718 by Saint Ninmon Bosatsu 仁聞菩薩 and became the central temple of Rokugo-Manzan 六郷満山.

. Ninmon Bosatsu and temples in Kyushu .
He was the incarnation of the deity Usa Hachiman.

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- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : futagoji.jp

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02 神宮寺 大獄不動 Jingu-Ji - Daigoku Fudo
大分県東国東郡国東町大字横手8356 / Higashikunisaki

03 成仏寺 除災不動 Jobutsu-Ji - Josai Fudo
大分県東国東郡国東町大字成仏 / Higashikunisaki

04 文殊仙寺 仙の不動 Monjusen-Ji - Sen no Fudo
大分県東国東郡安岐町大字大恩寺2432 / Higashikunisaki

05 実相院 夷不動 Jisso-In - Ebisu Fudo
大分県西国東郡香ヶ地町大字夷 / Nishikunisaki / Kakachicho

06 無動寺 黒土不動 Mudo-Ji - Kurotsuchi Fudo
大分県西国東郡真玉町 大字黒土1475 / Nishikunisaki

07 07 応暦寺 慈相不動 Oreki-Ji - Jiso Fudo
大分県西国東郡真玉町大字大岩屋401 / Nishikunisaki

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Sanmeiin 三明院 Sanmei-In
Nr. 08 (20) 桔梗山 Kikyozan - 三明院
身代り不動 - Migawari Fudo



大分県中津市大字永添1802 / Nagasoe, Nakatsu, Oita

The founder was 英明和尚 Eimei, who practised austerities for 50 days, eating none of the five grains 五穀断ちの「求聞持秘法」. He had a dream of 88 figures of Kobo Daishi, changed his name to 秘鍵大師 and built this temple.
In the main hall is a statue of 十一面千手観世音菩薩 Kannon with 1000 arms and 11 heads.
The statue of Fudo Myo-O is in the 護摩堂 Gomado Hall.
This statue was made to heal the ill father of Eimei.

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- reference source : kyushyu88.com/temple20 -

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09 円寿寺 願かけ不動 Enju-Ji - Gankake Fudo
大分県大分市上野丘西23-19 / Uenogaokanishi, Oita town, Oita

10 臨済寺 厄よけ不動 Rinzai-Ji - Yakuyoke Fudo
大分県大分市永興10 / Ryogo, Oita town, Oita

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- - - reference -coara.or.jp/~rinsaiji 01 - 10 - - -

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. 九州88ヶ所108霊場 Kyushu - 88 and 108 Henro temples .

. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
- #oitapilgrims #futagoji -
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Kumamoto Pilgrims

[ . BACK to Daruma Museum TOP . ]
. 九州三十六不動尊霊場 Kyushu - 36 Fudo temples .
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- Kumamoto 熊本県

18 高野寺 出世不動 - Koya-Ji, Shusse Fudo

. 19 長寿寺 木原不動 Choju-Ji, Kihara Fudo Son .

20 大慈寺 水かけ不動 - Mizukake Fudo

. 21 蓮華院誕生寺 一願成就不動 - Renge-In .

01 bangai - 人吉恵山会 人吉不動 Hitoyoshi Fudo
02 bangai - 不動院 倶利伽羅不動 Fudo-In, Kurikara Fudo


Some Temples also belong to the Henro Pilgrimage.
This number is given in brackets (xx).


source : setokeiichiro.com

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Kooyaji 高野寺 Koya-Ji
Nr. 18 (99) 青井山 Aoi san - 高野寺 



熊本県人吉市下青井町47 / Shimoaoimachi, Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto
Located near the 青井阿蘇神社 Aso Shrine of Hitoyoshi
Built in 1926 by priest 戒大和尚.
Flowers of the season greet the pilgrim.
A statue of Kobo Daishi in the garden is flanked by
出世不動 Shusse Fudo and 愛染明王 Aizen Myo-O.

- Chant of the temple
青井山 八角堂の御仏は 祈る心に 出世あらたか

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source : ameblo.jp/ohenro-nikki

- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.kyushyu88.com/temple99

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- - - - - Yearly Festivals 年中行事

1月 元日  新年祈祷法要 午前0時より
~3日  新年祈祷法要 午前11時より
21日  初大師     28日  初不動
2月 3日  星祭り(節分会)
4月 8日  花まつり
5月 5日  さつき供養(水子尊霊供養法要)
6月15日  青葉祭(弘法大師御誕生会)
7月 土用丑の日  土用丑胡瓜加持
9月21日  施餓鬼供養
12月 中旬  報恩講
12月21日  納大師

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Daijiji 大慈寺 Daiji-Ji
Nr. 20 - Mizukake Fudo Son 水かけ不動



熊本県熊本市野田町508 / Kumamoto, Nodamachi


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Nr. bangai 01
人吉恵山会 人吉不動 Hitoyoshi Fudo


熊本県球磨郡湯前町2155-1 / Kuma, Yunomae

A branch-temple of 最福寺 Saifuku-Ji of 恵山会 Keizan-Kai.

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百万枚護摩灰-開運不動明王   Temple Saifuku-Ji

. Saifukuji 最福寺 Saifuku-Ji .
Kagoshima Fudo Pilgrims Nr. 16

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Arao Fudo-In 荒尾不動院
Nr. bangai 02 - 倶利伽羅不動 Kurikara Fudo



熊本県荒尾市万田1584 / Manda, Arao, Kumamoto

- Look at more statues of this temple :
Famous for its サッカー地蔵尊 Jizo playing soccer
- reference source : araofudoin.web.fc2.com -

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Golf Kannon ゴルフ観音 in the temple ground
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source : ameblo.jp/ohenro-nikki

- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : araofudoin.web.fc2.com

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- reference source : geocities.jp/hp_ishikoro/reijou -

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- quote -
The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes 平成28年熊本地震
Heisei 28-nen Kumamoto jishin

- magnitude 6.2 on April 14, 2016
- magnitude 7.0 on April 16, 2016
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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. 九州88ヶ所108霊場 Kyushu - 88 and 108 Henro temples .


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
- #kumamotofudo -
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