12/31/2015

ENTER ... Fudo Myo-O

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.. .. .. .. Welcome to the Fudo Myo-O Encyclopedia
.. .. .. .. and the Japanese Deities!

お不動さま、不動明王にようこそ! 


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Carved by 西村公朝 Nishimura Kocho in 1975
in a keya tree (Torreya nucifera)


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Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
- Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

Who is he? - Introduction


Fudoo Myoo-Oo / Acala Vidyârâja 不動明王
Fudoo Myoo-Oo - Japanese   

19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O . 不動十九観

Three Most Famous Fudo . 三大不動尊 Sandai Fudo Son

Fudo Myo-o. Explanation in German. auf Deutsch


CLICK for more photos CLICK for many more photos CLICK for english information


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. - Latest Updates - .

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- - - - - other names

Acalanaatha, Acalanatha, Ācalanātha, Acala-Natha

Aryacalanatha, Āryācalanātha 阿奢羅曩 "immovable Lord"

Fudoo Son, Mudoo Son 不動尊 - 無動尊 Fudo Son, Mudo Son

Fudoo Shisha 不動使者 "Messenger Fudo"
in the sutra 不空羂索神変真言経
- - - - - (messenger of Dainichi Nyorai)
Mudoo Shisha 無動使者

Candacala, Candamaharoshana, Candaroshana, Mahakandaroshana
- as an emanation of Buddha Akshobhya (Tibetan connection)

jigo kongoo - Jigo Kongo, "diamond guardian of compassion"

joojuu kongoo. Jōjū Kongō 常住金剛 joju kongo
"eternally abiding diamond",“eternal and immutable diamond”

Trailokyavijaya

Vajrabhishana, Vajrabisana


- - - - - Sometimes he is even called
不動明はデビルマン Devil man

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There are so many names of temples, people and special Fudo statues, they need a list of their own.

. - ABC LIST - Introduction - .

- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW -

- XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -



- - - - - as of June 2014
. Contents from A to P .

. Contents from Q to Z .



This is a growing list, please come back!
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My Fudo Myo-O Photoalbum
. . . FLICKR albums . . .

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納め不動、成田山 Osame-Fudo
CLICK for more photos
The Last Fudo Fire Ritual of the Year, Narita-san






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..... Japanese Deities


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12/30/2015

Japanese Deities

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Japanese Buddhas and Deities


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.................. Introducing Buddha Statues


History of Buddha Statues in Japan 仏像の歴史



.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Nyorai Group 如来


Amida Buddha 阿弥陀如来

Dainichi Nyorai 大日如来 The Great Sun, Center of the Universe

O-Take Nyorai お竹如来

Shaka Nyorai 釈迦如来  Gautama Buddha

Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来、Buddha of Medicine


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Bosatsu Group 菩薩

. Bosatsu 菩薩  Bodhisattva Group .


Daigen Shuri Bosatsu 招宝七郎大権修理菩薩
monastery-protecting spirit (gogaranjin 護伽藍神)
and temple Anryu-Ji 安竜寺


Fugen Bosatsu 普賢菩薩(ふげんぼさつ) (Samantabhadra)
and the white Elephant


Hoki Bosatsu, Hooki Bosatsu 法起菩薩 ... "Hoodoo Sennin" 法道仙人, Temple Bodaiji 菩提寺, Saint Tokudo 徳道上人



... ... ... Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩
- with more details -

Ajimi Jizo 嘗試地蔵 and Kobo DaishiKoya san

Jizo as Jigoku Bosatsu 地獄菩薩, Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu
南無地獄大菩薩

Asekaki Jizoo, the Sweating Jizo 汗かき地蔵

Gote Jizoo ごて地蔵 Gote Jizo , Osaka, Kita-Ku
曽根崎警察署の裏

Hadaka Jizoo Naked Jizo 裸地蔵

Hooroku Jizoo ほうろく地蔵 with an earthen pot on his head
(Horoku Jizo 焙烙地蔵)

Miso Jizoo 広島のみそ地蔵

O-Bake Jizoo 化け地蔵 the monstrous Jizo statues Nikko

Omokaru Jizoo, Heavy or Light Jizo おもかる地蔵、重軽地蔵

Shinpei-Ji 心平寺 地蔵  Kencho-Ji, Kamakura

Shioname Jizo 塩嘗地蔵 Salt-tasting Jizo in Kamakura

Yonaki Jizo and babies crying at night 夜泣き地蔵



... ... ... Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩

Batoo Kannon, Horseheaded Kannon 馬頭観音

Hakodate 33 Kannon Pilgrimage 西国移土三十三観音, 函館市湯川寺

Hatakiri Kannon はたきり観音さん, Shikoku Henro 10

Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 Mother of all Buddhas
准胝仏母(じゅんていぶっぽ)

Maria Kannon マリア観音 Christians in Nagasaki

Nyoirin Kannon, Wishfulfilling Kannon如意輪観音
..... Seiryuu Gongen, Dragon Deity Zennyo 清瀧権現

O-Shichi Kannon お七観音 at temple Tanjo-Ji in Okayama 誕生寺 (Tanjooji)

Senju Kannon, with 1000 Arms and Juuichimen Kannon with 11 heads 千手観音, 十一面観音

Shichimen Kannon 七面観音 Nichiren and Mount Minobu
Shichimen Daibosatsu 七面大菩薩

Usuzumi Kannon, Light Charcoal Cherry Tree Kannon 薄墨観音




Kokuuzoo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokuzo Bosatsu
Akashagarbha Bodhisattva.
Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Memory



Maso Bosatsu, Senrigan and Junpuji 媽祖菩薩, 千里眼, 順風耳

Memyo Bosatsu 馬鳴菩薩. Ashvagosha

Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒菩薩 Maitreya

Monju Bosatsu 文殊菩薩 Manjushri

Myoken Bosatsu (Myooken Bosatsu) 妙見菩薩
and Star Shrines in Japan, Hoshi Jinja 星神社


Seishi Bosatsu 勢至菩薩 Mahasthamaprapta


Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩 Deity of Mount Fuji



Daibosatsu is a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva."


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Myo-O Group 明王の部

Aizen Myo-O  愛染明王

Daigensui 大元帥明王 Taigen (Atavaka)

Daiitoku Myo-O 大威徳明王 Yamaantaka


. . . . Fudo Myo-O ... see above


Goosanze Myo-O 降三世明王 Gosanze Trilokavijaya


Kujaku Myo-O 孔雀明王 The Pheasant Wisdom King 

Ususama Myo-O 烏瑟沙摩明王
Ucchusma, deity of the toilet

Zao Gongen 蔵王権現


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Ten Group, Tenbu 天部 Deva, Devas

Many of them are devas are deities coming from India and some have shrines with a torii 鳥居entrance gate dedicated to them. The division between Shinto and Buddhism is difficult here, ecpecially since many sanctuaries were erected before the separation of the two religions in Japan in the Meiji period.


Ashura, Asura (あしゅら) 阿修羅


Benzaiten 弁財天, Benten 弁天 Benzai-Ten
..... Benten and the Gods of Water


Bishamonten、Tamonten 多聞天 (Vaishravana) 毘沙門天、毘沙門の使ひ

Bishukatsuma 毘首羯磨 (Vishvakarman ヴィシュヴァカルマン)
自在天王・工巧天・巧妙天

Daikoku Ten 大黒天 Daikoku sama

Dairokuten Ma-O ... 第六天魔王, 大六天 Take Jizaiten 他化自在天

Dakiniten, Dakini Ten (Vajra Daakini) 荼枳尼天

Datsueba 奪衣婆 or 脱衣婆 the Old Hag of Hell

Ebisu ... 夷 恵比寿 恵比須 えびす、エビス God of Good Luck

Enma Ten, Enma Oo (Emma): The King of Hell閻魔天、閻魔王
..... The Ten Kings of Hell, Juu Oo 十王


Gigeiten 伎芸天 Daijizai Tennyo 大自在天女 and
Daijizai Ten 大自在天 (Shiva)

Gohoojin 護法神 Protectors of the Buddhist law


Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai

Idaten 韋駄天 (Skanda)

Juuni Shinshoo 十二神将 Twelve Heavenly Generals,
12 Warrior Generals

Kankiten (Ganesh) Elephant-headed deity

Kichijoten 吉祥天 Kichijooten (Lakshmi, Shri Mahadevi)

Kishibojin 鬼子母神, Kishimojin, Kangimo, Kariteimo 訶梨帝母

Madarajin, Matarajin, Matara Shin 摩多羅神 Mathara, Mahakala

Mao son 護法魔王尊 Gohoo Maoo Son
and the three sonten 尊天 of Kurama mountain temple

Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten

Nio, Deva Kings 仁王 (Nioo, Niou)


. Ototen 乙天 Bishamonten .


Shakudaijin 石大神 - near Ogisu, Suzuka-gun, Kyoto
- reference -


Shomen Kongo 青面金剛 Shoomen Kongoo


Taishakuten, Taishaku Ten 帝釈天
Indra, Sakra Deva, Shakra Devanam Indra
and the Koshin Cult (kooshin 庚申, ka no e saru)


The Gods of the four elements 風水天地の神様
水神 Suijin, 風神 Fuujin, 地神 Chijin, 火神 Kajin


Seven Gods of Good Luck 七福神 Shichifukujin 


. Wakaten 若天 Fudo Myo-O .

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Saints and holy figures


Binzuru 賓頭盧 (Pinzuru)

. MORE Fellow Pilgrims .


. Memorial Days of Poets .


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Hibutsu ... 秘仏 ... Secret and hidden Buddha statues

Temples and Shrines of Japan



Busshi 仏師 ... Buddhist Sculptors Gallery




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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. Shinto Deities 神道の神様


. - - - kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-list - - - .


- - - - - The Gods of Japan and Haiku (kami to hotoke)


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quote
Shingō 神語
A "divine title" affixed to the name of a kami.
A wide variety of titles have come into use in accordance with the unique characteristics of kami, and as a result of historical changes in the way kami have been understood. In the ancient period, the title mikoto was used, while expressions such as myōjin ("shining kami"), daibosatsu (great bodhisattva), and gongen (avatar) came into use as a product of kami-buddha combinatory cults (shinbutsu shūgō). During the Edo period, the title reisha ("spirit shrine") was applied to the departed spirits of human beings.

The title mikoto, written variously with the characters 命 or 尊 was used in ancient classics such as Kojiki and Nihongi as a title of respect for both kami and noble persons. It is believed that mi represents an honorific prefix, while koto means "thing," "event," or "word"; together, the reading mikoto has been interpreted as referring to a "noble personage," "minister" or "medium" (mikotomochi), and "noble child" (miko; see mikogami).

Nihongi differentiates between the usage of characters 尊 and 命 for mikoto, stating that the earlier character is used to refer only to kami of the utmost dignity with direct linkage to the imperial descent, while the latter character is used for all other kami.

The title myōjin 明神 as applied to Japanese kami is believed to evolved from an earlier term myōjin 名神 ("eminent kami"), which was used in ancient works like Engishiki to refer to kami of particularly noteworthy power. Under the influence of the homophonic myōjin 明神 ("shining deity") found in Chinese and Buddhist texts, the latter character combination came to be applied to indigenous kami as well.

Daibosatsu is obviously a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva." The title daibosatsu is first seen in 781, when the kami Hachiman was honored with the title Gokoku Reigen Iriki Jintsū Daibosatsu ("Great Bodhisattva of National Protection and Marvelous Spirit Power"). From that time, the title daibosatsu has been applied to numerous other kami, including Fuji Sengen Daibosatsu and Tado Daibosatsu.

Gongen (avatar) is likewise of Buddhist origin, a term deriving from the doctrine of honji suijaku ("original essence, manifest traces"). According to this belief, buddhas may provisionally manifest themselves in this world in the form of kami or deities indigenous to various locales. Some well-known kami bestowed with this title include Kumano Gongen, Kasuga Gongen, and Hakusan Gongen.

The title reisha originates with the Yuiitsu Shinto school of the Yoshida family, which first used the term to refer to a shrine erected over the grave of the school's founder. Mano Tokitsuna's Kokin shingaku ruihen describes reisha as "a general term referring to shrines devoted to the spirits of human beings," but the term was also later used as a title for the kami themselves. Within Yoshida Shintō, the titles reijin reisha and myōjin were all applied to deceased human spirits, and this usage influenced the use of the terms in other schools as well, including Yoshikawa Shintō and Suika Shintō, where they were applied to persons who had mastered the deepest imports of the religion. Some of these individuals included Yoshikawa Koretari, posthumously titled Miaredō Reisha, and Yamazaki Ansai, who was titled Suika Reisha.

Another unusual example of the attribution of shingō to humans is that of Sugawara Michizane, who was titled tenjin or "heavenly deity."
source : Sato Masato, Kokugakuin 2005


More details :
. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke .
shinbutsu shūgō 神仏習合 syncretism - shinbutsu bunri 神仏分離 separation


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CLICK to look at Japanese Buddha Statues


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My Books in German

Buddhistische Kultgegenstände Japans
by Gabi Greve
(Buddhist Ritual and Ceremonial Tools, butsugu, hoogu)


Ich widme dieses Buch, in grosser Dankbarkeit, einem grossen Sensei, Dietrich Seckel.
Okayama Pref., Japan 1996



Buddhastatuen ... Who is Who,
Ein Wegweiser zur Ikonografie von japanischen Buddhastatuen
by Gabi Greve
1994
(All about Japanese Buddhastatues)
With a Review by Dietrich Seckel


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The best ONLINE introduction !

THE FACE OF BUDDHISM &
SHINTOISM IN JAPANESE ART


! Mark Schumacher !
(I am contributing to this site too.)



Article:
Buddhism and Shinto
Michael Hofmann, March 2010


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Buddha Statues and Japanese Deities by
. Master Carver Enku 円空 .
[1632?~1695]



Shinto deities and haiku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



The first visit or ceremony for a deity is often a KIGO!
. WKD : New Year Ceremonies





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12/29/2015

Fudo Myo-O Introduction

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Who is Fudo Myo-O, the Wisdom King ?

Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo , Fudou Myou Ou 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

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- quote
Acala (Skr.: Acala, Achala अचल; "immovable" one)
is a guardian deity primarily revered in Vajrayana Buddhism in Japan, China and elsewhere.

He is classed among the vidyārāja and preeminent among the Five Wisdom Kings of the Womb Realm. Accordingly, his figure occupies an important hierarchical position in the pictorial diagramatic Mandala of the Two Realms. In Japan, Acala is revered in the Shingon, Tendai, Zen and Nichiren sects.



Overview
Descriptions of his physical appearance derive from such scriptural source as the Mahavairocana Tantra (Dainichikyō (『大日経』)) and its annotation.

His face is expressive of extreme wrath, wrinkle-browed,left eye squinted or looking askance, lower teeth biting down the upper lip. He has the physique of a corpulent (round-bellied) child. He bears a sword in his right hand, and a lariat or noose (kensaku (羂索)) in his left hand. He is engulfed in flame, and seated on a "huge rock base" (banjakuza (盤石座)).

Acala is said to be a powerful deity who protects All the Living (sattva, shujō (衆生)) by burning away all impediments (antar-aya, shōnan (障難)) and defilements, thus aiding them towards enlightenment.

In Japanese esoteric Buddhism, according to an arcane interpretive concept known as the "three wheel-embodiments(ja)" or san rinjin (三輪身) Acala and the rest of the five wisdom kings are considered kyōryō tenshin (教令輪身 "embodiments of the wheel of injunction"), or beings whose actions constitute the teaching of the law (the other embodiments teach by word, or merely by their manifest existence). Under this conceptualization, the wisdom kings are ranked superior to the Dharmapala (gohō zenshin (護法善神)), a different class of guardian deities. Nevertheless, this distinction sometimes fails to be asserted, or the two are openly treated as synonymous by many commentators, even in clearly Japanese religious contexts.

The Sanskrit symbol that represents Acala is hāṃ हां ( conventionally transliterated kān (kaan) (カーン)).
However, it has been confounded with the similar glyph (हूं hūṃ), prompting some commentators to mistakenly identify the Acala with other deities. (The Sanskrit symbol is called siddham, bonji (梵字)), or "seed syllable" (zh: bīja, Ja: shuji (種子)).

Some of the other transliterations and variants to his name are Ācalanātha, Āryācalanātha, Ācala-vidyā-rāja. The Hindu form of the deity may also be known as Caṇḍamahāroṣaṇa or Caṇḍaroṣaṇa "the violent-wrathful" one.

History
Originally the Hindu deity Acalanātha (अचलनाथ),
whose name in Sanskrit signifies ācala "immovable" + nātha' "protector, Acala was incorporated into esoteric Buddhism (late 7th century, India) as a servant of Buddha. In Tang Dynasty China, he became Budong (pinyin: Búdòng; Middle Chinese: /pǝw dungx/- 不動, "immovable"), a translated-meaning-name derived from Acala. In turn, the deity was imported into Japan as Fūdō (不動) "immovable") by the priest Kobo Daishi Kūkai (died 835) who was studying in China as a member of the Kentoshi mission, and founded the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism.

As the deity's importance waned in India and China (as did the religion itself), the iconic image remained popular throughout the Middle Ages (and into modern times) in Nepal, Tibet and Japan, where sculptural and pictorial representations of them are most often found. Much of the iconography comes from Japan, where a popular cult especially devoted to him has developed.

In Tibetan Buddhism and art, the buddha Akshobhya, whose name also means "the immovable one", presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to the Acala/Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an "emanation" of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.

Acala in Japan
Fudō-myōō (不動明王) is the full Japanese name for Acala-vidyaraja, or Fudō (o-Fudō-sama etc.) for short. It is the literal translation of the Sanskrit term "immovable wisdom king".

Iconography
Acala in Buddhist art since the Heian era has depicted him as angry-faced, holding a vajra sword and a lariat. In later representations, such as those used by the yamabushi monks, he may have one fang pointing up and another pointing down, and a braid on the one side of his head.

The sword he holds may or may not be flaming and sometimes described only generically as a hōken (宝剣 "treasure sword") or as kongō-ken (金剛杵 "vajra sword"), which is descriptive of the fact that the pommel of the sword is in the shape of the talon-like kongō-sho (金剛杵 "vajra") of one type or another. It may also be referred to as sanko-ken (三鈷剣 "three-pronged vajra sword"). However in some cases as in the Akafudo painting, the divinity is seen holding the Kurikara-ken, a sword with the dragon coiled around it.

The flaming nimbus or halo behind the statue is known as the "karura flame", after a mythical firebreathing birdlike creature, the garuda.

The two boy servants who is usually depicted in attendance to Acala are named Kongara (Kiṃkara) and Seitaka (Ceṭaka) though there are said to be eight such boy servants altoghether, and as many as forty-eight servants overall.

His seat, the banjakuza (盤石座 or "huge rock base")   is considered an appropriate iconographic symbol to demonstrate the steadfastness of" the Fudō.

Acala/Fudo Cult
In Japan, Acala became an idol of worship in its own right, and became installed as the gohonzon (本尊) or main deity at temples and outdoor shrines. A famous example is the Narita Fudo, a Shingon subsect temple at Narita-san.

At Shingon Buddhist temples dedicated to Ācala, priests perform the Fudō-hō (不動法), or ritual service to enlist the deity's power of purification to benefit the faithful. This rite routinely involves the use of the ritual burning ceremony, fire ritual or goma (護摩) (Skr.: Homa) as a purification tool.

Lay persons or monks in yamabushi gear who go into rigorous training outdoors in the mountains also often pray to small Ācala statue or talisman they carry, which serve as his honzon. This praciticed path of yamabushi's training, known as Shugendō, predates the introduction of Ācala, so at first adored idols such as the Zaō Gongen who appeared before the sect's founder En no Ozunu or the Vairocana. But eventually Ācala was added to list of deities most typically enshrined by the yamabushi monks, either portable, or installed in outdoor shrines (hokora). These statues would be often placed near waterfalls (a common training ground) and deep in the mountains and in caves.

Ācala also tops the list of so-called Thirteen Buddhas (jūsan butsu (十三仏)). Thus Shingon sect mourners assign the Fudo the "First Seven Days" (Shonanoka (初七日)) of service. The first week is an important observance, but perhaps not as prominently important as the observance of "seven times seven days" (i.e. 49 days) signifying the end of "intermediate state" (bardo).

Literature on Shinto Buddhist ritual will explain that such and such Sanskrit "seed syllable", or mantra or mudra is attendant to each of the "buddhas" for each observance period. But the scholarly consensus seems to be that the invoking of the "Thirteen Buddhas" had evolved later around the 14th century and became widespread by the following century, so this could not have been part of the original teachings by priest Kukai, but rather a later adaptation.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- quote
Acala Vidyârâja
is one of the Vidyârâjas (Myôô) class of deities, and a very wrathful deity.

He is portrayed holding a sword in his right hand and a coiled rope in his left hand. With this sword of wisdom, Acala cuts through deluded and ignorant minds and with the rope he binds those who are ruled by their violent passions and emotions. He leads them onto the correct path of self control. Acala is also portrayed surrounded by flames, flames which consume the evil and the defilements of this world. He sits on a flat rock which symbolizes the unshakeable peace and bliss which he bestows to the minds and the bodies of his devotees.

Purpose and Vows
Acala transmits the teachings and the injunctions of Mahâvairocana to all living beings and whether they agree to accept or to reject these injunctions is up to them, Acala's blue/black body and fierce face symbolize the force of his will to draw all beings to follow the teachings of the Buddha. Nevertheless, Acala's nature is essentially one of compassion and he has vowed to be of service to all beings for eternity.

Acala also represents his aspect of service by having his hair knotted in the style of a servant: his hair is tied into seven knots and falls down from his head on the left side. Acala has two teeth protruding from out of his mouth, an upper tooth and a lower tooth. The upper tooth is pointed downward and this represents his bestowing unlimited compassion who are suffering in body and spirit. His lower tooth is pointed upward and this represents the strength of his desire to progress upward in his service for the Truth. In his upward search for Bodhi and in his downward concern for suffering beings, he represents the beginning of the religious quest, the awakening of the Bodhicitta and the beginning of his compassionate concern for others.
It is for this reason that the figure of Acala is placed first among
the thirteen deities (juusanbutsu 十三仏).

His vow is to do battle with evil with a powerful mind of compassion and to work for the protection of true happiness. To pray for recovery from illness and for safety while traveling is to rely upon his vow and power to save. Acala is also the guide for the deceased, to help save them and assist them in becoming buddhas for the first seven days after death.

Read more about these 13 deities.
http://www.shingon.org/deities/jusanbutsu/fudo.html

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The 19 characteristics of Fudo Myo-O
... ... ... The 19 Signs ... ... ...


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Firmly Rooted: On Fudo Myoo's Origins
Standing Fast: Fudō Myōō in Japanese Literature


. 2 Articles by Richard K. Payne .


Read more on this extensive page about Buddha Statues
... Mark Schumacher ...

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CLICK for more samples - 不動明王 梵字 !


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12/28/2015

19 Signs

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19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O

不動十九観 / 不動十九相観

Fudoo Juukyuu Sansoo
Fudo Jukyu Sanso

Just as Buddha Shakyamuni has 32 characteristic signs, Fudo Myo-O has 19.
They are described in documents of the Tendai sect like the following:

1 He is an incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai.
2 His Mantra has the four letters : a ro kan man .
3 He usually lives in a world of fire.
4 He has the figure of a fat young man, rather unpleasant.
5 He has seven knots in his hair and a lotus blossom on top of them.

6 On his left shoulder a plait of hair hangs down.
7 The wrinkles on his forehead look like water waves.
8 The left eye is closed, the right one wide open. - eyes
9 He bites his right upper lip with the lower teeth and his left lip protrudes.
10 He has his mouth shut strictly.

11 He carries a three-pronged sword in his right hand.
12 He carries a rope in his left hand.
13 He eats the leftover food of ascetic monks.
14 He stands or sits on a throne of stone.
15 His body color is of an unpleasant black-blue-green.

16 His look is fierce and threatening.
17 He has a fiery Garuda bird on his halo.
18 A Kurikara Dragon is wrapped around his sword.
19 He has two child acolytes by his side.


05 - 06 . kami 髪 his hairstyle .
shichi shakei 七沙髻 / benpatsu 一弁髪

07 . suiha 水波相 wrinkles on his forehead .

08 . tenchigan 天地眼 "eyes of heaven and earth" .

09 . kiba 牙 the teeth of Fudo .

11 . gooma riken 降魔利剣 demon-subjugating sharp sword .

12 . kensaku, kenjaku 羂索 rope, lariat, noose .

14 . daiza 台座 seat, throne .

17 . koohai, kōhai 光背 mandorla, halo, Nimbus.

18 . Kurikara sword 倶利伽羅不動剣 .

19 . Sanjuuroku Dooji 三十六童子 36 Attendants .
Kongara 矜迦羅童子(こんがらどうじ)、
Seitaka 制迦童子(せいたかどうじ)

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天台僧 安然が、「不動立印儀軌修行次第」により不動明王を想い従うために唱えたもの

(1)大日如来の化身
(2)真言中に、ア・ロ・カン・マンの4字がある
(3)常に火生三昧(かしょうざんまい)に住んでいる
(4)肥満した童子の姿で、卑しい
(5)頭頂に七沙髻があり、蓮華をのせている

(6)左肩に一弁髪を垂らす benpatsu
(7)額に水波(すいは)のようなしわがある suiha
(8)左の目を閉じ右の目を開いている
(9)下の歯で右上の唇を噛み、左下の唇の外へ出している
(10)口を硬く閉じている

(11)右手に三鈷剣を持っている
(12)左手に羂索を持っている
(13)行者の残食を食べる
(14)大磐石の上に安座している
(15)色が醜く青黒

(16)奮迅して憤怒している
(17)光背に迦楼羅炎(かるらえん)がある
(18)倶力迦羅竜が剣にまとわりついている
(19)両脇に2童子が侍している
source : www.kyototsuu.jp



Buddha Shakyamuni
Signs of a Great Man 32 and 80

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2/10/2015

Kozen-Ji Nagano

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Koozenji 光前寺 Kozen-Ji
宝積山 Hoshakuzan/ Hoshakusan 光前寺 Kozen-Ji

長野県駒ヶ根市赤穂29番地
29 Akaho, Komagane-shi, Nagano-ken

The founder was Honjoo Shoonin 本聖上人 Saint Honjo Shonin in 860.
Saint Honjo had studied Mikkyo at Hieiszan and practises ascetics unter a waterfall of the river Otagirigawa 太田切川 / 太田切黒川の瀑 in Ngano, where later he founded the temple.




- - - - - Look at more photos here :
- source : www.city.komagane.nagano.jp


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Fudo Myo-O on the way to the temple


source : www.city.komagane.nagano.jp


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The main statue is
a secret statue of Fudo Myo-O 不動明王.

Amulets are sold at the temple.



shuin stamp of the temple 光前寺 駒ヶ根 朱印



omamori amulet of the faithful dog Hayataro

霊犬早太郎伝説
The legend of the spiritual dog Hayataro.

"A Heroic Dog of the Kozenji Temple"

Once upon a time
There lived a strong mountain dog at the temple, called Hayatoaro by the priest and the villagers, who all loved the strong but gentle dog.
At that time, the village of Mitsuke in Omi had a problem. The fields were destroyed by wild animals and as a precaution, the villagers had to offer a girl from the village to the deity of Shrine Yanahime Jinja 矢奈比売神社.

In the year 1308 in August, a priest travelled in the region. He thought that the deities could not really be that bad and malicious and tried to find out what rally happened in the night of the festival. The monster arrived and said

「信州の早太郎おるまいな、早太郎には知られるな」
I hope Hayataro from Shinshu is not here,
I hope Hayataro does not know about this!"
And took the girl away.

So the monk travelled to Shinshu (Nagano) and found Hayataro at the temple Kozen-Ji. The priest agreed to help and during the festival next year, Hayataro was given as an offering instead of a maiden.
And what do you know?

Hayataro drove out the monster in no time, by the way, it was an old monkey (老ヒヒ).
But while fighting with the monkey, Hayataro got a deep would. When he finally made his way back to Kozen-Ji he could only bark faintly once more and then died.
So the priest decided to give him a fine burial and pray for his soul from now on.

This story is written in the sacred history book of the temple and told to our day.

- - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.kozenji.or.jp


. Inu Jinja 犬神社 dog shrines .
- Introduction -

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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1/28/2015

Shoshin-Ji North Kanto 20

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Shooshinji 崇真寺 Shoshin-Ji

Nr. 20 稲毛山 Inagetasan - 金剛王院 Kongo-In
Kai-un Inukiri Fudo 開運犬切り不動尊
Fudo who killed a Dog

Tochigi prefecture 口密の道場 - kumitsu

. 北関東三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Northern Kanto .
 

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !


1400 Inageta, Haga, Haga District, Tochigi
稲毛田山 金剛王院 崇真寺
栃木県芳賀郡芳賀町大字稲毛田1400

In the compound of the temple, there is also a


O-hyakudo Fudo お百度不動
Fudo of the 100 prayers circuit


and a scroll of
Byakue Kannon Bosatsu 白衣観音 Byaku-E Kannon




絹本著色白衣観音像の掛軸
source : town.haga.tochigi.jp



. "100 prayers circuit" (百度参り hyakudo mairi) .
- Introduction -

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The Fudo statue of this temple is secret and only shown once in 60 years.
- source : onsanmaya.at.webry.info

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- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : town.haga.tochigi.jp


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- - - - - The legend of
犬切り不動 Fudo who killed a dog
Once upon a time in a temple in Japan
there lived a young priest called Sanchin さんちん, who was quite prone to play pranks and he also liked to eat a lot.

One day san Sanchin was cleaning the main temple hall, he realized that the manju rice cakes, offerings to Fudo Myo-O in the hall, had disappeared. When he reported this to the head priest, he told him "Well, go and search them."
This happened a few more times and the head priest finally thought that Sanchin was the thief, since he liked to eat rice cakes.
"Next time the rice cakes are gone, you will have to leave my temple" he told the acolyte in anger.

One day one of the parishioners had come to bring rice cakes as offerings for Fudo Myo-O. Sanchin, worried about being driven away from the temple, took a large broom and hid behind the hall. waiting for the thief.

That evening, when Sanchan was already half asleep, there was a noise : gattari ガタリ.
When Sanchin looked in the direction of the noise, he saw the floor plank had moved a little and a huge dog had come out. When the huge dog jumpet to Sanchin and bite into his foot, Fudo Myo-O blinked with his wild eyes, moved his large sword and hit the dog.

Next morning when the head priest came into the hall he found Sanchin bleeding on the floor. He asked what happened and Sanchin told him the story of the monster dog. And quite true, on the floor there was also the body of this huge monster dog. And blood dripped from the sword of Fudo Myo-O.
Now it was clear,
the rice cake offerings had been stolen by the huge dog !



As long as the dog had stolen his offerings, Fudo Myo-O had turned a blind eye on the happenings. But when the dog attacked the innocent Sanchin, Fudo got angry and helped him to show he was innocent and saved his life.

That is why the statue of this Fudo is now called
"Fudo Myo-O who killed a dog".
source : manga mukashibanashi


. Legends about Fudo Myo-O 不動様 .

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. 犬突き不動 Inu-tsuki Fudo, Fudo piercing a dog  .
慈恩寺 Jion-Ji Yamagata 山形県
Once a mad dog appeared and caused a lot of trouble.
So Fudo took his sword and stabbed the dog to kill him.


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- - - reference - - -


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


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Legends about Fudo

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Legends about Fudo Myo-O 不動様

Manga Mukashibanashi Database まんが日本昔ばなし
不動様

. Inukiri Fudo 犬切り不動尊 Fudo killed a dog .
Tochigi, 崇真寺 Shoshin-Ji

. おしのと火童子 O-Shino and the "Fire Child" .
Mino, Toki town, Gifu - Hiwarashi


お不動さま - Fudo from Tosa
八つ化け頭巾 Yatsubake Zukin - The hood . . .
甲斐の湖 Kai no Mizuumi - The Lake of Kai
宝の川 Takara no Kawa - The River of Treasures
笛吹川 River Fuefukigawa- Yamanashi



- source : nihon.syoukoukai.comx

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O-Fudo sama from Takaoka in Tosa, Shikoku
土佐の高岡 - 積善寺

Once upon a time
there was a temple in Takaoka in Tosa where a statue of Yakushi Nyorai, Buddha of Medicine, was venerated and also a statue of Fudo Myo-O.
The Fudo did not have a special name, but it was said he was carved by the famous master Unkei.

One day the chief retainer of the Daimyo together with two samurai came to this temple to rest on their way from hunting. The retainer ( 家老 ) looked at the statue of Fudo and liked it very much. Despite the protest of the priest, he took the statue home to his estate.

When he reached his estate, he put the statue up an one side of his gate. Then in the evening he happily got drunk with sake.
At midnight suddenly a huge thunderstorm came up, with torrential rain and brought the slope behind his estate to slip down in a mudslide, destroying three farmhouses below it.



"This is certainly the revenge of Fudo Myo-O!" the villagers began to gossip the next morning. But the retainer laughed if off.
"No way, nothing happened to my own estate and my home is still here . . . hahaha!"

That night the retainer had a strange dream.
From a high mountain came a red burning light with a man on a horse and began to chase him around.
On the next day, he had been invited by a friend so they drank sake again and the retainer talked about his dream:

"Last night in my dream a huge man on a horse came down the mountain in a veil of fire!"
Another man had also seen this dream:
"That was a ghostly flying fireball!" 飛ぶ火の玉

"Never mind, that was just a trivial dream" the retainer dismissed the story with a loud laugh.

In the evening the retainer returned to his estate, but at the entrance gate the string of his sandals tore off, a sign of bad luck. When he tried to pass the gate, there stood Fudo Myo-O in a veil of flames and did not let him pass. Fudo stood there in the flames and did not listen to the excuses of the retainer. In no time his whole estate burned down.

Now the retainer was cured and brought the statue of Fudo back to the temple, where Fudo could stand like before next to Yakushi Nyorai, his friend. Both of them continued in their duty to look after the well-being of the villagers from now on again.



. Unkei 運慶 (1148 - 1224) .


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Yatsubake zukin 八つ化け頭巾
The hood for eight spooks

no location.

A priest with a magic hood from a fox that lets him change into anything does a lot of nuisance.
kitsune no bake zukin 狐の化け頭巾



Once upon a time, a priest who liked to play pranks on people observed a fox in the forest, who tried to learn shape-shifting.



He tried to talk the fox into exchanging the hood, for a normal hood. and hoped thus to be able to shapeshift like the fox.
When he returned to his temple, there were two visitors, a head priest from another temple with his young acolyte.
So our priest thought this was a great chance to play a prank on them both.

He told the head priest to use the room he liked best from the two he showed them.
In the first room was a pretty lady.
In the second room was a Buddha statue.

The head priest, aware of his young acolyte, choose the room with the Buddha statue and began to chant his sutras. After a while, the young acolyte fell asleep.
So he sneeked out of the room to the other one with the lady and began to drink sake rice wine.

But the beautiful lady - you guess it already - was in fact our priest who had shapeshifted.
He changed again, became the flaming figure of Fudo Myo-O and shouted:
"Hey you, a priest should not drink sake, you know that!"

The head priest was taken by surprise and run away.

The fox on the other hand, who did not know his hood was now just a normal piece of cloth, tried to transform himself into a pretty lady and began to walk around in the village in his fox figure. All saw this ruse and laughed at the fox, who had been tricked himself.




. zukin 頭巾 (ずきん) hood - Introduction - .

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国母稲積地蔵立像 Inazumi Jizo at Kokubo, Kofu
山梨県甲府市国母8丁目 - / 国母地蔵 - 法城寺 Kokubo Jizo - Hosho-Ji, now 東光寺 Toko-Ji



This is a story how two Shinto deities and two Buddhist deities 二仏二神
helped the people of Kai.


甲斐の湖 The lake of Kai (Yamanashi)

Kai is a province surrounded by high mountains on all sides and once upon a time,
the villagers here were all very poor, living in homes near the mountain slopes. looking down at a huge lake in the middle of the valley. There was no plain to use for rice fields and the ground was full of stones and gravel. They could only grow some kinds of millet and catch small fish in the rivers.

The Inazumi Jizo was thinking all the time about how he could help the poor farmers and drain off all that water. He asked two strong deities for their advise and help. They were really huge and when they stood by the lake they could reach the other side of the lake in the evening sunshine. Their shadow made the area all dark, even during daytime.

These two strong deities did not take long. One demolished the mountain, the other cut a valley into the slope. And there - all the water began to drain off through the new valley toward the river Fujigawa 富士川 and then into the ocean.
When the water began to move with great noise, another strong deity, Fudo Myo-O, heard the noise and thought that the water should be regulated by some dams so that it would not destroy the villages further down. So he made some dams and let the lake drain slowly within seven days and seven nights, until all the water was gone and the bottom of the valley became visible.

Suddenly there was a really, really huge plain down there, where all the villagers could have rice fields and homes.
So the villagers thanked Jizo Bosatsu with a great festival at the temple 東光寺,
and made a cave into the mountain and built the shrine Anagiri Jinja 穴切神社 (hole-cutting shrine) for the two strong deities who had helped drain the water. They called the deities now 蹴裂明神 Kesaki Myojin.
And further down at a dam they venerated a statue of
Sedate Fudo Myo-O 瀬立不動 (せだてふどう)
Setate Fudo sama (せたてふどうさま).



Anagiri Dai Jinja 穴切大神社 Anakiri Dai Jinja - founded around 708.
2 Chome-8-1 Takara, Kofu, Yamanashi Prefecture / 山梨県甲府市宝二丁目8-1
- source : HP of the Shrine - anagiri


- source : anakiri

- - - - - Deities in residence
大己貴命 Onammuchi no Mikoto
少彦名命 Sukunahikona no Mikoto
素戔鳴命 Susanoo no Mikoto

- - - More in the Japanese WIKIPEDIA !

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宝の川 The river of treasures
福島県の西会津、鬼光頭川
Fukushima, Nishi Aizu, river Kikozugawa




Once upon a time
in a village along the Kikozugawa in West-Aizu there lived a woodworker with his daughter, O-Yuki おゆき (Snow Girl). The mother had died five years ago and the two of them were now alone.

One day the father had gone out to the forest to help rescue a co-worker, who had been trapped under a fallen tree. But he got trapped himself and died. Before his grave the villagers promised to look after his daughter, O-Yuki.

They looked after her for a while, but then forgot all about her. So she had to make some money for herself and begun to collect shijimi clams シジミ from the river and sold them in the postal station nearby, to be used for the miso soup in the morning.

One evening an agent from the village came to her home. He proposed O-Yuki to become a maid servant for a family with children in Aizu. But O-Yuki refused, because the graves of both her parents were here in the village. So the agent told her that this land and house belonged to him, in fact, and she was to leave the premisses within 10 days. He had made up the tale of the family with children just to get rid of her.

Dear little O-Yuki did not know what to do and so the 10 days passed. The next day the agent came back and told her the house would be torn down tomorrow.
O-Yuki went to the little roadside sanctuary of Fudo Myo-O, sat down and thought about her future, sobbing and crying all along. Suddenly she heard a voice from the sanctuary.
She looked up and saw Fudo Myo-O standing there in his flaming halo.

He said:
"Dear little girl. Don't you worry. Just continue to collect the clams from this river. I will take care of the rest!"

The next day O-Yuki went to the river very early to collect clams, just as Fudo sama had told her. And then, when the sun was just about to rise there suddenly was a strong earthquake. A mountain tsunami 山津波 (mud slide) destroyed all the homes of the village and burried everything under the fallen earth. But to her surprise, her own home was left intact and not even touched by the huge mountain slide.
And the evil agent was probably killed by the slide, too; anyway, he never showed up again.



When O-Yuki walked down to the river, the clams had all disappeared. But in their place, there were beautiful stones, all glimmering and shining. When she brought them to the postal station, they sold for a lot of money and O-Yuki became quite rich. Now she could built a nice grave for her parents and live well for ever after.

That is why folks call it "the river of treasures" (hookawa 宝川).

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笛吹川 River Fuefukigawa
"River where the flute was played"

Yamanashi 山梨県


- source with more photos : kousyuusai_001

笛吹川中流(一之釜、不動の滝)Fudo Waterfall


Gonzaburo Fudo 権三郎不動



Upstream of this river, there was a small village called Mitomi 三富村 and there lived a young man called Gonzaburo 権三郎 with his old mother, just the two of them.
He liked to play the flute and his mother liked to listen to him very much.



Then one day in a summer with a lot of rain and then a typhoon, the river was overflowing, swallowing all the homes near the riverbank. The house of Gonzaburo was also lost in the water. Gonzaburo held onto the arm of his mother, but the river was so fast and strong, he could not hold her any more and she was eventually swallowed by the waters.

Next morning the river was all quiet again. But the body of his mother was nowhere to be seen. So Gonzaburo thought, his mother must still be alive somewhere and he went to the riverbank every day, walking up and down, playing his flute for her.

Winter came and went and it was spring again. Gonzaburo kept walking up and down the riverbank, playing the flute. But one day, the sound of the flute was not heard as usual and all was quiet. Eventually the dead body of Gonzaburo was found on the riverbank.

The villagers felt so sorry for Gonzaburo and his mother. They called on a priest from the nearby temple to have a proper burial for him. They build a small sanctuary and called it
Gonzaburo Fudo 権三郎不動.

Since then, the river was known under the name of
Fuefukigawa 笛吹川 "River where the flute was played".

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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1/27/2015

Legend Hiwarashi

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. Legends about Fudo .
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Hiwarashi 火童子 the "Fire Child"
Toki in Mino 美濃の国の土岐 / now in Gifu
Toki town is famous for its pottery to our day.

- quote
Inheriting 400 years of Mino Ware tradition represented by Oribe, Shino, and Kiseto wares, Fudogama has been manufacturing modern, warm, and unique pottery, mainly tableware.



We modestly attempt to express the identity of our products through their universal beauty, by eliminating excessive decoration. Both grace and boldness coexist in Fudogama products.
Teruaki Ito, 2457 Dachi-cho, Toki-shi, GIFU. Since 1986
- source : gifuproduct.jp


火童子(ひわらし)はお不動様の使い
Hiwarashi is the messenger of Fudo Myo-O.


and surprize - - - a sweet tarte called



ひわらしがま Hiwarashigama 火童子窯
Hiwarashi Kiln





- source : bellph/diary





hiwarashi cafe ヒワラシカフェ
Gifu Prefecture, Toki, Oroshicho, 1443−1, Ambience Square 1F

- Hiwarashi cafe on facebook -


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おしのと火童子 O-Shino
and the "Fire Child" Hiwarashi


Once upon a time, there lived a good couple doing pottery in Toki.

ある時、おっとうは浅野館(あさのやかた)の嫁入り道具の器を焼くという大仕事を請負った。おっとうは娘のおしのに、この仕事を無事にやり終えたら赤いべべ(着物)を買ってやると約束する。そしておっとうとおっかあは、それこそ寝る間も惜しんで働いた。器は天日に干され、釉(ゆう)が塗られ、窯に入れられる。



ところが窯焚きが始まって三日三晩がたち、あと一日という朝のこと、生来からだがあまり丈夫でないおっとうは、ここ数ヶ月の無理がたたり、高熱を出して倒れてしまう。窯焚きはこれからが一番難しいところ。仕方なくおっかあは、見よう見まねでおっとうがやっていたように窯に割り木をくべた。そしておしのは、窯の焚き口まで割り木を運んだ。おしのは夜になる頃にはヘトヘトに疲れてしまい、いつしか窯の前で眠ってしまう。

おっかあは、一人で夜中も割り木をくべている。ところが、夜中におっかあの悲鳴でおしのは目を覚ます。見ると、窯の色見穴(いろみあな)からこれまで見たこともないような真っ黒な煙がモクモク出ていた。おっかあが、一生懸命のあまり割り木を入れすぎ、窯の火力が落ちてしまったのだ。おっかあは途方にくれてその場にしゃがみこんでしまう。

これを見たおしのは、窯の神様の祭壇まで走って行き、「窯の神様、おっかあを助けて下さい。」と一心に祈った。するとそこに一陣の風が吹き、木の葉が舞い上がった。木の葉は緑色の美しい童子に変わり、窯へ向かって飛んでいく。火童子(ひわらし)はお不動様の使いと言われ、神様を敬う正直者の窯へやって来て、焼き物がうまく出来るよう助けると言われている。火童子が窯の中に入り火打ち石を打つと、火童子の髪は炎となって燃え上がった。そして色見穴は再び真っ赤に輝き始めた。おしのが色見穴を覗くと、火童子は楽しそうにクルクルと踊っている。そして、火童子が踊るたび、焼き物はいい具合に焼きあがっていった。おしのは、一夜に三千里を走る火童子が、秋葉の山から来てくれたと思うのであった。



窯出しの日の朝には、おっとうも起き上がれるようになった。澄んだ緑釉(りょくゆう)が日に輝いて、それはよい窯出しだったということだ。おしのがおっとうにだけ火童子のことを話すと、おっとうは嬉しそうに何度も頷いていた。
- source : nihon.syoukoukai.com

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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12/22/2014

Asian Art Museum

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Asian Art Museum - San Francisco



- source : www.asianart.org

Fudo (the Immovable One)
is one of the powerful deities known as the Five Bright Kings in Japanese Buddhism and folk religion. As a manifestation of the central cosmic Buddha Mahavairochana (Japanese: Dainichi), Fudo is believed to protect Buddhism and its true adherents. Like all Bright Kings,
Fudo assumes a frightening form, with a sword in his right hand and a rope in his left. He sits in front of a swiring flame of fire, with which he purifies evil. The left section of the flame is a modern replacement.

- more Fudo Photos -

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From my visit to the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 2013.

- source : Bradford on facebook -
- - - with an ongoing discussion

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]

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