12/31/2015

ENTER ... Fudo Myo-O

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.. .. .. .. Welcome to the Fudo Myo-O Encyclopedia
.. .. .. .. and the Japanese Deities!

お不動さま、不動明王にようこそ! 


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Carved by 西村公朝 Nishimura Kocho in 1975
in a keya tree (Torreya nucifera)


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Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
- Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

Who is he? - Introduction


Fudoo Myoo-Oo / Acala Vidyârâja 不動明王
Fudoo Myoo-Oo - Japanese   

19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O . 不動十九観

Three Most Famous Fudo . 三大不動尊 Sandai Fudo Son

Fudo Myo-o. Explanation in German. auf Deutsch


CLICK for more photos CLICK for many more photos CLICK for english information


Sometimes he is even called

不動明はデビルマン Devil man


. - Latest Updates - .


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There are so many names of temples, people and special Fudo statues, they need a list of their own.

. - ABC LIST - Introduction - .

- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW -

- XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -



- - - - - as of June 2014
. Contents from A to P .

. Contents from Q to Z .



This is a growing list, please come back!
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My Fudo Myo-O Photoalbum
. . . FLICKR albums . . .

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納め不動、成田山 Osame-Fudo
CLICK for more photos
The Last Fudo Fire Ritual of the Year, Narita-san






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..... Japanese Deities


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12/30/2015

Japanese Deities

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Japanese Buddhas and Deities


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.................. Introducing Buddha Statues


History of Buddha Statues in Japan 仏像の歴史



.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Nyorai Group 如来


Amida Buddha 阿弥陀如来

Dainichi Nyorai 大日如来 The Great Sun, Center of the Universe

O-Take Nyorai お竹如来

Shaka Nyorai 釈迦如来  Gautama Buddha

Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来、Buddha of Medicine


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Bosatsu Group 菩薩

. Bosatsu 菩薩  Bodhisattva Group .


Daigen Shuri Bosatsu 招宝七郎大権修理菩薩
monastery-protecting spirit (gogaranjin 護伽藍神)
and temple Anryu-Ji 安竜寺


Fugen Bosatsu 普賢菩薩(ふげんぼさつ) (Samantabhadra)
and the white Elephant


Hoki Bosatsu, Hooki Bosatsu 法起菩薩 ... "Hoodoo Sennin" 法道仙人, Temple Bodaiji 菩提寺, Saint Tokudo 徳道上人



... ... ... Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩
- with more details -

Ajimi Jizo 嘗試地蔵 and Kobo DaishiKoya san

Jizo as Jigoku Bosatsu 地獄菩薩, Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu
南無地獄大菩薩

Asekaki Jizoo, the Sweating Jizo 汗かき地蔵

Gote Jizoo ごて地蔵 Gote Jizo , Osaka, Kita-Ku
曽根崎警察署の裏

Hadaka Jizoo Naked Jizo 裸地蔵

Hooroku Jizoo ほうろく地蔵 with an earthen pot on his head
(Horoku Jizo 焙烙地蔵)

Miso Jizoo 広島のみそ地蔵

O-Bake Jizoo 化け地蔵 the monstrous Jizo statues Nikko

Omokaru Jizoo, Heavy or Light Jizo おもかる地蔵、重軽地蔵

Shinpei-Ji 心平寺 地蔵  Kencho-Ji, Kamakura

Shioname Jizo 塩嘗地蔵 Salt-tasting Jizo in Kamakura

Yonaki Jizo and babies crying at night 夜泣き地蔵



... ... ... Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩

Batoo Kannon, Horseheaded Kannon 馬頭観音

Hakodate 33 Kannon Pilgrimage 西国移土三十三観音, 函館市湯川寺

Hatakiri Kannon はたきり観音さん, Shikoku Henro 10

Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 Mother of all Buddhas
准胝仏母(じゅんていぶっぽ)

Maria Kannon マリア観音 Christians in Nagasaki

Nyoirin Kannon, Wishfulfilling Kannon如意輪観音
..... Seiryuu Gongen, Dragon Deity Zennyo 清瀧権現

O-Shichi Kannon お七観音 at temple Tanjo-Ji in Okayama 誕生寺 (Tanjooji)

Senju Kannon, with 1000 Arms and Juuichimen Kannon with 11 heads 千手観音, 十一面観音

Shichimen Kannon 七面観音 Nichiren and Mount Minobu
Shichimen Daibosatsu 七面大菩薩

Usuzumi Kannon, Light Charcoal Cherry Tree Kannon 薄墨観音




Kokuuzoo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokuzo Bosatsu
Akashagarbha Bodhisattva.
Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Memory



Maso Bosatsu, Senrigan and Junpuji 媽祖菩薩, 千里眼, 順風耳

Memyo Bosatsu 馬鳴菩薩. Ashvagosha

Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒菩薩 Maitreya

Monju Bosatsu 文殊菩薩 Manjushri

Myoken Bosatsu (Myooken Bosatsu) 妙見菩薩
and Star Shrines in Japan, Hoshi Jinja 星神社


Seishi Bosatsu 勢至菩薩 Mahasthamaprapta


Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩 Deity of Mount Fuji



Daibosatsu is a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva."


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Myo-O Group 明王の部

Aizen Myo-O  愛染明王

Daigensui 大元帥明王 Taigen (Atavaka)

Daiitoku Myo-O 大威徳明王 Yamaantaka


. . . . Fudo Myo-O ... see above


Goosanze Myo-O 降三世明王 Gosanze Trilokavijaya


Kujaku Myo-O 孔雀明王 The Pheasant Wisdom King 

Ususama Myo-O 烏瑟沙摩明王
Ucchusma, deity of the toilet

Zao Gongen 蔵王権現


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Ten Group, Tenbu 天部 Deva, Devas

Many of them are devas are deities coming from India and some have shrines with a torii 鳥居entrance gate dedicated to them. The division between Shinto and Buddhism is difficult here, ecpecially since many sanctuaries were erected before the separation of the two religions in Japan in the Meiji period.


Ashura, Asura (あしゅら) 阿修羅


Benzaiten 弁財天, Benten 弁天 Benzai-Ten
..... Benten and the Gods of Water


Bishamonten、Tamonten 多聞天 (Vaishravana) 毘沙門天、毘沙門の使ひ

Bishukatsuma 毘首羯磨 (Vishvakarman ヴィシュヴァカルマン)
自在天王・工巧天・巧妙天

Daikoku Ten 大黒天 Daikoku sama

Dairokuten Ma-O ... 第六天魔王, 大六天 Take Jizaiten 他化自在天

Dakiniten, Dakini Ten (Vajra Daakini) 荼枳尼天

Datsueba 奪衣婆 or 脱衣婆 the Old Hag of Hell

Ebisu ... 夷 恵比寿 恵比須 えびす、エビス God of Good Luck

Enma Ten, Enma Oo (Emma): The King of Hell閻魔天、閻魔王
..... The Ten Kings of Hell, Juu Oo 十王


Gigeiten 伎芸天 Daijizai Tennyo 大自在天女 and
Daijizai Ten 大自在天 (Shiva)

Gohoojin 護法神 Protectors of the Buddhist law


Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai

Idaten 韋駄天 (Skanda)

Juuni Shinshoo 十二神将 Twelve Heavenly Generals,
12 Warrior Generals

Kankiten (Ganesh) Elephant-headed deity

Kichijoten 吉祥天 Kichijooten (Lakshmi, Shri Mahadevi)

Kishibojin 鬼子母神, Kishimojin, Kangimo, Kariteimo 訶梨帝母

Madarajin, Matarajin, Matara Shin 摩多羅神 Mathara, Mahakala

Mao son 護法魔王尊 Gohoo Maoo Son
and the three sonten 尊天 of Kurama mountain temple

Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten

Nio, Deva Kings 仁王 (Nioo, Niou)


. Ototen 乙天 Bishamonten .


Shakudaijin 石大神 - near Ogisu, Suzuka-gun, Kyoto
- reference -


Shomen Kongo 青面金剛 Shoomen Kongoo


Taishakuten, Taishaku Ten 帝釈天
Indra, Sakra Deva, Shakra Devanam Indra
and the Koshin Cult (kooshin 庚申, ka no e saru)


The Gods of the four elements 風水天地の神様
水神 Suijin, 風神 Fuujin, 地神 Chijin, 火神 Kajin


Seven Gods of Good Luck 七福神 Shichifukujin 


. Wakaten 若天 Fudo Myo-O .

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Saints and holy figures


Binzuru 賓頭盧 (Pinzuru)

. MORE Fellow Pilgrims .


. Memorial Days of Poets .


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Hibutsu ... 秘仏 ... Secret and hidden Buddha statues

Temples and Shrines of Japan



Busshi 仏師 ... Buddhist Sculptors Gallery




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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. Shinto Deities 神道の神様


. - - - kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-list - - - .


- - - - - The Gods of Japan and Haiku (kami to hotoke)


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quote
Shingō 神語
A "divine title" affixed to the name of a kami.
A wide variety of titles have come into use in accordance with the unique characteristics of kami, and as a result of historical changes in the way kami have been understood. In the ancient period, the title mikoto was used, while expressions such as myōjin ("shining kami"), daibosatsu (great bodhisattva), and gongen (avatar) came into use as a product of kami-buddha combinatory cults (shinbutsu shūgō). During the Edo period, the title reisha ("spirit shrine") was applied to the departed spirits of human beings.

The title mikoto, written variously with the characters 命 or 尊 was used in ancient classics such as Kojiki and Nihongi as a title of respect for both kami and noble persons. It is believed that mi represents an honorific prefix, while koto means "thing," "event," or "word"; together, the reading mikoto has been interpreted as referring to a "noble personage," "minister" or "medium" (mikotomochi), and "noble child" (miko; see mikogami).

Nihongi differentiates between the usage of characters 尊 and 命 for mikoto, stating that the earlier character is used to refer only to kami of the utmost dignity with direct linkage to the imperial descent, while the latter character is used for all other kami.

The title myōjin 明神 as applied to Japanese kami is believed to evolved from an earlier term myōjin 名神 ("eminent kami"), which was used in ancient works like Engishiki to refer to kami of particularly noteworthy power. Under the influence of the homophonic myōjin 明神 ("shining deity") found in Chinese and Buddhist texts, the latter character combination came to be applied to indigenous kami as well.

Daibosatsu is obviously a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva." The title daibosatsu is first seen in 781, when the kami Hachiman was honored with the title Gokoku Reigen Iriki Jintsū Daibosatsu ("Great Bodhisattva of National Protection and Marvelous Spirit Power"). From that time, the title daibosatsu has been applied to numerous other kami, including Fuji Sengen Daibosatsu and Tado Daibosatsu.

Gongen (avatar) is likewise of Buddhist origin, a term deriving from the doctrine of honji suijaku ("original essence, manifest traces"). According to this belief, buddhas may provisionally manifest themselves in this world in the form of kami or deities indigenous to various locales. Some well-known kami bestowed with this title include Kumano Gongen, Kasuga Gongen, and Hakusan Gongen.

The title reisha originates with the Yuiitsu Shinto school of the Yoshida family, which first used the term to refer to a shrine erected over the grave of the school's founder. Mano Tokitsuna's Kokin shingaku ruihen describes reisha as "a general term referring to shrines devoted to the spirits of human beings," but the term was also later used as a title for the kami themselves. Within Yoshida Shintō, the titles reijin reisha and myōjin were all applied to deceased human spirits, and this usage influenced the use of the terms in other schools as well, including Yoshikawa Shintō and Suika Shintō, where they were applied to persons who had mastered the deepest imports of the religion. Some of these individuals included Yoshikawa Koretari, posthumously titled Miaredō Reisha, and Yamazaki Ansai, who was titled Suika Reisha.

Another unusual example of the attribution of shingō to humans is that of Sugawara Michizane, who was titled tenjin or "heavenly deity."
source : Sato Masato, Kokugakuin 2005


More details :
. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke .
shinbutsu shūgō 神仏習合 syncretism - shinbutsu bunri 神仏分離 separation


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CLICK to look at Japanese Buddha Statues


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My Books in German

Buddhistische Kultgegenstände Japans
by Gabi Greve
(Buddhist Ritual and Ceremonial Tools, butsugu, hoogu)


Ich widme dieses Buch, in grosser Dankbarkeit, einem grossen Sensei, Dietrich Seckel.
Okayama Pref., Japan 1996



Buddhastatuen ... Who is Who,
Ein Wegweiser zur Ikonografie von japanischen Buddhastatuen
by Gabi Greve
1994
(All about Japanese Buddhastatues)
With a Review by Dietrich Seckel


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The best ONLINE introduction !

THE FACE OF BUDDHISM &
SHINTOISM IN JAPANESE ART


! Mark Schumacher !
(I am contributing to this site too.)



Article:
Buddhism and Shinto
Michael Hofmann, March 2010


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Buddha Statues and Japanese Deities by
. Master Carver Enku 円空 .
[1632?~1695]



Shinto deities and haiku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



The first visit or ceremony for a deity is often a KIGO!
. WKD : New Year Ceremonies





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12/29/2015

Fudo Myo-O Introduction

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Who is Fudo Myo-O, the Wisdom King ?

Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo , Fudou Myou Ou 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

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- quote
Acala (Skr.: Acala, Achala अचल; "immovable" one)
is a guardian deity primarily revered in Vajrayana Buddhism in Japan, China and elsewhere.

He is classed among the vidyārāja and preeminent among the Five Wisdom Kings of the Womb Realm. Accordingly, his figure occupies an important hierarchical position in the pictorial diagramatic Mandala of the Two Realms. In Japan, Acala is revered in the Shingon, Tendai, Zen and Nichiren sects.



Overview
Descriptions of his physical appearance derive from such scriptural source as the Mahavairocana Tantra (Dainichikyō (『大日経』)) and its annotation.

His face is expressive of extreme wrath, wrinkle-browed,left eye squinted or looking askance, lower teeth biting down the upper lip. He has the physique of a corpulent (round-bellied) child. He bears a sword in his right hand, and a lariat or noose (kensaku (羂索)) in his left hand. He is engulfed in flame, and seated on a "huge rock base" (banjakuza (盤石座)).

Acala is said to be a powerful deity who protects All the Living (sattva, shujō (衆生)) by burning away all impediments (antar-aya, shōnan (障難)) and defilements, thus aiding them towards enlightenment.

In Japanese esoteric Buddhism, according to an arcane interpretive concept known as the "three wheel-embodiments(ja)" or san rinjin (三輪身) Acala and the rest of the five wisdom kings are considered kyōryō tenshin (教令輪身 "embodiments of the wheel of injunction"), or beings whose actions constitute the teaching of the law (the other embodiments teach by word, or merely by their manifest existence). Under this conceptualization, the wisdom kings are ranked superior to the Dharmapala (gohō zenshin (護法善神)), a different class of guardian deities. Nevertheless, this distinction sometimes fails to be asserted, or the two are openly treated as synonymous by many commentators, even in clearly Japanese religious contexts.

The Sanskrit symbol that represents Acala is hāṃ हां ( conventionally transliterated kān (kaan) (カーン)).
However, it has been confounded with the similar glyph (हूं hūṃ), prompting some commentators to mistakenly identify the Acala with other deities. (The Sanskrit symbol is called siddham, bonji (梵字)), or "seed syllable" (zh: bīja, Ja: shuji (種子)).

Some of the other transliterations and variants to his name are Ācalanātha, Āryācalanātha, Ācala-vidyā-rāja. The Hindu form of the deity may also be known as Caṇḍamahāroṣaṇa or Caṇḍaroṣaṇa "the violent-wrathful" one.

History
Originally the Hindu deity Acalanātha (अचलनाथ),
whose name in Sanskrit signifies ācala "immovable" + nātha' "protector, Acala was incorporated into esoteric Buddhism (late 7th century, India) as a servant of Buddha. In Tang Dynasty China, he became Budong (pinyin: Búdòng; Middle Chinese: /pǝw dungx/- 不動, "immovable"), a translated-meaning-name derived from Acala. In turn, the deity was imported into Japan as Fūdō (不動) "immovable") by the priest Kobo Daishi Kūkai (died 835) who was studying in China as a member of the Kentoshi mission, and founded the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism.

As the deity's importance waned in India and China (as did the religion itself), the iconic image remained popular throughout the Middle Ages (and into modern times) in Nepal, Tibet and Japan, where sculptural and pictorial representations of them are most often found. Much of the iconography comes from Japan, where a popular cult especially devoted to him has developed.

In Tibetan Buddhism and art, the buddha Akshobhya, whose name also means "the immovable one", presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to the Acala/Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an "emanation" of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.

Acala in Japan
Fudō-myōō (不動明王) is the full Japanese name for Acala-vidyaraja, or Fudō (o-Fudō-sama etc.) for short. It is the literal translation of the Sanskrit term "immovable wisdom king".

Iconography
Acala in Buddhist art since the Heian era has depicted him as angry-faced, holding a vajra sword and a lariat. In later representations, such as those used by the yamabushi monks, he may have one fang pointing up and another pointing down, and a braid on the one side of his head.

The sword he holds may or may not be flaming and sometimes described only generically as a hōken (宝剣 "treasure sword") or as kongō-ken (金剛杵 "vajra sword"), which is descriptive of the fact that the pommel of the sword is in the shape of the talon-like kongō-sho (金剛杵 "vajra") of one type or another. It may also be referred to as sanko-ken (三鈷剣 "three-pronged vajra sword"). However in some cases as in the Akafudo painting, the divinity is seen holding the Kurikara-ken, a sword with the dragon coiled around it.

The flaming nimbus or halo behind the statue is known as the "karura flame", after a mythical firebreathing birdlike creature, the garuda.

The two boy servants who is usually depicted in attendance to Acala are named Kongara (Kiṃkara) and Seitaka (Ceṭaka) though there are said to be eight such boy servants altoghether, and as many as forty-eight servants overall.

His seat, the banjakuza (盤石座 or "huge rock base")   is considered an appropriate iconographic symbol to demonstrate the steadfastness of" the Fudō.

Acala/Fudo Cult
In Japan, Acala became an idol of worship in its own right, and became installed as the gohonzon (本尊) or main deity at temples and outdoor shrines. A famous example is the Narita Fudo, a Shingon subsect temple at Narita-san.

At Shingon Buddhist temples dedicated to Ācala, priests perform the Fudō-hō (不動法), or ritual service to enlist the deity's power of purification to benefit the faithful. This rite routinely involves the use of the ritual burning ceremony, fire ritual or goma (護摩) (Skr.: Homa) as a purification tool.

Lay persons or monks in yamabushi gear who go into rigorous training outdoors in the mountains also often pray to small Ācala statue or talisman they carry, which serve as his honzon. This praciticed path of yamabushi's training, known as Shugendō, predates the introduction of Ācala, so at first adored idols such as the Zaō Gongen who appeared before the sect's founder En no Ozunu or the Vairocana. But eventually Ācala was added to list of deities most typically enshrined by the yamabushi monks, either portable, or installed in outdoor shrines (hokora). These statues would be often placed near waterfalls (a common training ground) and deep in the mountains and in caves.

Ācala also tops the list of so-called Thirteen Buddhas (jūsan butsu (十三仏)). Thus Shingon sect mourners assign the Fudo the "First Seven Days" (Shonanoka (初七日)) of service. The first week is an important observance, but perhaps not as prominently important as the observance of "seven times seven days" (i.e. 49 days) signifying the end of "intermediate state" (bardo).

Literature on Shinto Buddhist ritual will explain that such and such Sanskrit "seed syllable", or mantra or mudra is attendant to each of the "buddhas" for each observance period. But the scholarly consensus seems to be that the invoking of the "Thirteen Buddhas" had evolved later around the 14th century and became widespread by the following century, so this could not have been part of the original teachings by priest Kukai, but rather a later adaptation.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- quote
Acala Vidyârâja
is one of the Vidyârâjas (Myôô) class of deities, and a very wrathful deity.

He is portrayed holding a sword in his right hand and a coiled rope in his left hand. With this sword of wisdom, Acala cuts through deluded and ignorant minds and with the rope he binds those who are ruled by their violent passions and emotions. He leads them onto the correct path of self control. Acala is also portrayed surrounded by flames, flames which consume the evil and the defilements of this world. He sits on a flat rock which symbolizes the unshakeable peace and bliss which he bestows to the minds and the bodies of his devotees.

Purpose and Vows
Acala transmits the teachings and the injunctions of Mahâvairocana to all living beings and whether they agree to accept or to reject these injunctions is up to them, Acala's blue/black body and fierce face symbolize the force of his will to draw all beings to follow the teachings of the Buddha. Nevertheless, Acala's nature is essentially one of compassion and he has vowed to be of service to all beings for eternity.

Acala also represents his aspect of service by having his hair knotted in the style of a servant: his hair is tied into seven knots and falls down from his head on the left side. Acala has two teeth protruding from out of his mouth, an upper tooth and a lower tooth. The upper tooth is pointed downward and this represents his bestowing unlimited compassion who are suffering in body and spirit. His lower tooth is pointed upward and this represents the strength of his desire to progress upward in his service for the Truth. In his upward search for Bodhi and in his downward concern for suffering beings, he represents the beginning of the religious quest, the awakening of the Bodhicitta and the beginning of his compassionate concern for others.
It is for this reason that the figure of Acala is placed first among
the thirteen deities (juusanbutsu 十三仏).

His vow is to do battle with evil with a powerful mind of compassion and to work for the protection of true happiness. To pray for recovery from illness and for safety while traveling is to rely upon his vow and power to save. Acala is also the guide for the deceased, to help save them and assist them in becoming buddhas for the first seven days after death.

Read more about these 13 deities.
http://www.shingon.org/deities/jusanbutsu/fudo.html

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The 19 characteristics of Fudo Myo-O
... ... ... The 19 Signs ... ... ...


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Firmly Rooted: On Fudo Myoo's Origins
by Richard K. Payne
- source : pdf file on facebook


Read more on this extensive page about Buddha Statues
... Mark Schumacher ...

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12/28/2015

19 Signs

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19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O

不動十九観 / 不動十九相観

Fudoo Juukyuu Sansoo
Fudo Jukyu Sanso

Just as Buddha Shakyamuni has 32 characteristic signs, Fudo Myo-O has 19.
They are described in documents of the Tendai sect like the following:

1 He is an incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai.
2 His Mantra has the four letters : a ro kan man .
3 He usually lives in a world of fire.
4 He has the figure of a fat young man, rather unpleasant.
5 He has seven knots in his hair and a lotus blossom on top of them.

6 On his left shoulder a plait of hair hangs down.
7 The wrinkles on his forehead look like water waves.
8 The left eye is closed, the right one wide open. - eyes
9 He bites his right upper lip with the lower teeth and his left lip protrudes.
10 He has his mouth shut strictly.

11 He carries a three-pronged sword in his right hand.
12 He carries a rope in his left hand.
13 He eats the leftover food of ascetic monks.
14 He stands or sits on a throne of stone.
15 His body color is of an unpleasant black-blue-green.

16 His look is fierce and threatening.
17 He has a fiery Garuda bird on his halo.
18 A Kurikara Dragon is wrapped around his sword.
19 He has two child acolytes by his side.


05 - 06 . kami 髪 his hairstyle .
shichi shakei 七沙髻 / benpatsu 一弁髪

07 . suiha 水波相 wrinkles on his forehead .

08 . tenchigan 天地眼 "eyes of heaven and earth" .

09 . kiba 牙 the teeth of Fudo .

11 . gooma riken 降魔利剣 demon-subjugating sharp sword .

12 . kensaku, kenjaku 羂索 rope, lariat, noose .

14 . daiza 台座 seat, throne .

17 . koohai, kōhai 光背 mandorla, halo, Nimbus.

18 . Kurikara sword 倶利伽羅不動剣 .

19 . Sanjuuroku Dooji 三十六童子 36 Attendants .
Kongara 矜迦羅童子(こんがらどうじ)、
Seitaka 制迦童子(せいたかどうじ)

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天台僧 安然が、「不動立印儀軌修行次第」により不動明王を想い従うために唱えたもの

(1)大日如来の化身
(2)真言中に、ア・ロ・カン・マンの4字がある
(3)常に火生三昧(かしょうざんまい)に住んでいる
(4)肥満した童子の姿で、卑しい
(5)頭頂に七沙髻があり、蓮華をのせている

(6)左肩に一弁髪を垂らす benpatsu
(7)額に水波(すいは)のようなしわがある suiha
(8)左の目を閉じ右の目を開いている
(9)下の歯で右上の唇を噛み、左下の唇の外へ出している
(10)口を硬く閉じている

(11)右手に三鈷剣を持っている
(12)左手に羂索を持っている
(13)行者の残食を食べる
(14)大磐石の上に安座している
(15)色が醜く青黒

(16)奮迅して憤怒している
(17)光背に迦楼羅炎(かるらえん)がある
(18)倶力迦羅竜が剣にまとわりついている
(19)両脇に2童子が侍している
source : www.kyototsuu.jp



Buddha Shakyamuni
Signs of a Great Man 32 and 80

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9/19/2014

Kisshoin Akita

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Kisshoo-In 吉祥院 Kissho-In

Nr. 10 赤神山 / 幸福山 - 吉祥院 - 波切不動尊 Namikiri Fudo
Kisshoo-In 吉祥院 Kissho-In
Akita 秋田県 - 持戒の道場 - jikai

. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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秋田県男鹿市船川港椿字家ノ後45
Ienoushiro-45 Funagawaminato tsubaki, Oga, Akita

There are three famous mountains in Oga, 本山 Honzan (Motoyama)、
真山 Shinzan (Mayama) and 毛無山 Kenashiyama, as Buddhist retreats for priests.

Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 is the founder of
赤神山日積寺永禅院 Akagamizan, Nisseki-Ji, Eizen-In
the first Buddhist center in the region. He is also related to the shrine
Akagami Jinja.

The fifth abbot at Eizen-In, Kakuun 覚運 Kaku-Un (953-1007, was a disciple of Ryoogen, Ryōgen 良源 Ryogen( 912 – 985), the chief abbot of Enryaku-Temple ( Enryaku-ji).

In 1392 the temple was more affiliated with Mount Koyasan, Ryuko-In 龍光院, through the 29th abbot 頼叶 Raika at temple 日積寺 Niseki-Ji.

During the Bakumatsu and early Meiji period, the temple and shrine were often in a crisis of deslolation, but have somehow survived to our day.

The temple has been known with many names in its long history:
自寂院,仙壽院,印象院、円月院,照光院、泉光院.
Now there is also temple 長楽寺 nearby.


- Chant of the temple
男鹿の島 めぐりて拝る 不動尊
寺庭(には)に 老樹(こぼく)の 椿花咲く



There is also a shrine, Akagami Jinja 赤神神社, close by.
五社堂 Goshado - Five little shrines overlooking the sea.
Legend knows that the Emperor Koobutei 孝武帝 Kobutei from China, also called Akagami (Red Deity) came here down from the sky.
Kobutei lived approximately from 372 - 396).
Jigaku Daishi founded the temple and shrine here, around 860.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA - Akagami Shrine!

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- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.tohoku36fudo.jp


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- - - - - Yearly Festivals 年中行事

文応元(1260)年からの歴史をもつ、岡山県の福泉寺所蔵本奥書日書写

高野山で伝授の開運星祭り北斗護摩祈祷会

聖天浴油供祈祷会


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- quote
Oga Peninsula 男鹿半島 (Oga Hanto)
Home to the renowned Namahage Legend, Oga Peninsula boasts spectacular views of the coastline.

Oga Peninsula, in the western part of Akita, juts out into the Japan Sea in the shape of an ax. Along its coastline are fantastic views of crags and boulders, and it is noted for its beautiful sunsets. It is also famous for a traditional event called "Namahage," at which time young people, disguised as ogres, visit houses to admonish lazy people, expel evil spirits, ward off disasters, and to bless people.

There are so many spots on the Oga Peninsula that you should not miss. The view at the Mt. Kampu Revolving Observatory at the base of the peninsula, where you can enjoy 360-degree panoramas of the Japan Sea and Lagoon Hachiro-gata, is simply stunning. And Godzilla Boulder, so named because of its shape: how can a tour of Japan not include a visit to this famous monster?
Add to these the west coast of Oga, with its long line of rude cliffs and rocks; Hachibodai, with the best views of Oga and clear out to the Ou Mountain Range; and of course, Nyudo-zaki Point, on the tip of the peninsula, with its spectacular view of the Japan Sea. A sightseeing boat leaves from nearby Oga Aquarium, and from it you can view the coastline, sprinkled with strange rocks and bizarre stones, magnificent sculptures that nature has created.

At Shinzan Shrine, the origin of Namahage, the Namahage Sedo Festival is held every winter. The Oga Shinzan Densho-kan (folklore museum) displays Namahage masks and holds Namahage stage shows, so you can get a sense of the Namahage atmosphere at any time of the year.
- source : www.jnto.go.jp


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- - - reference - - -



CLICK for more photos !

. Namahage なまはげ in Oga, Akita .


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Ennin - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 . (794 – 864)


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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. Japan - after the BIG earthquake .
March 11, 2011, 14:46

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9/17/2014

Tamon-In Akita

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Tamon-In 多聞院

Nr. 09 湯殿山 Yudonosan - 多聞院 - 波切不動尊 - Namikiri Fudo
Tamonin 多聞院 Tamon-In
Akita 秋田県 - 持戒の道場 - jikai

. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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秋田県秋田市土崎港南1-14-16
1 Chome-14-16 Tsuchizakiminatominami, Akita city

- Other statues of the temple
Benzai Ten 弁財天
Juunishi Ten 十二支天 Junishi Ten (十二天将 Juni Tensho 12 Heavenly Generals)
12 Tutelary Deities

The founder was 慈覚大師 Jigaku Daishi 安慧 (794 - 864)
and his disciple
Ane, An-E 安慧 (795 - 868)
student of Ennin Jigaku Daishi at Mount Hieizan.

Another record dates it to 1688, as part of the Haguro Mountain Shugendo.



The sailors from the Matsumaebune 松前船 trade ships from Hokkaido to Osaka passed here. The sailors of the famous ship 辰悦丸 Shinetsu Maru owned by Takadaya Kahei came here to pray for safety on the sea. Maybe Kahei also payed for the stone steps for a better access.
There is also an anchor 錨 of the Shinetsu-Maru in the precincts.


- Chant of the temple
多聞院 智剣の光 天に満ち 
海難よくる 波切り不動



. Takadaya Kahei 高田屋嘉兵衛 (1769 - 1827) .
In 1795, he constructed a ship named Shinetsu-maru with a displacement of 417 tons in Dewa (Yamagata and Akita Prefectures) and captained it. The following year he opened trading stores with the name of Takadaya in Hyogotsu and Hakodate, and started selling goods he transported between Ezo and the Osaka area.

. Matsumae in Hokkaido 松前 .

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no photo of the Fudo statue.

. namikiri Fudo 波切不動尊 、浪切不動明王 .
- Introduction -


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- - - - - Page of the temple
- source : www.tohoku36fudo.jp


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- - - Japanese reference - - -


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Ennin - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 . (794 – 864)

. Haguro San 羽黒山 .
羽黒出羽三山 Three mountains of Dewa .

- Introduction -


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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. Japan - after the BIG earthquake .
March 11, 2011, 14:46

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9/12/2014

Reibai-In Akita

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Reibai-In 嶺梅院

Nr. 08 永福山 Eifukusan - 嶺梅院- 嶺梅院不動尊 Reibai-In Fudo
Reibai-In 嶺梅院
Akita 秋田県 - 持戒の道場 - jikai

. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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秋田県秋田市土崎港2-8-22
2 Chome-8-22 Tsuchizakiminato Chūō, Akita city

Its history is not quite clear.
It was (probably) the retirement temple of Zen priest 無等良雄禅師 Muto Ryoryu, former courtier Made no Koji Fujifusa / Madenokoji Fujifusa (萬里小路藤房卿 / 万里小路 藤房) ((1295-ca. - 1380) ) - Fujiwara no Fujifusa. He went into exile with Emperor Go- Daigo.
The temple had been re-located to Hoda-Ji 松原 -補陀寺 but fallen in dilapidation.
In 1748 a priest from Sooryuuji 蒼龍寺 Soryu-Ji, called Keigan 桂岩極芳和尚, had it re-located to its present place as a Zen temple.

Other statues are Kannon Bosatsu 聖観音菩薩 and
Benzaiten 弁財天像
This temple is also on the pilgrimage to the Seven Gods of Good Luck in Akita
Akita Shichifukujin 秋田七福神.


- Chant of the temple
荒海の波打ち砕き渡りたる 
二八の尊の 功徳讃えん


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東北三十六不動 Tohoku
- source : www.kotoba.net

This Fudo is venerated as a Narita Fudo.

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- quote
Hodaji Temple 補陀寺 Hoda-Ji
This is the Akita family temple, the oldest Soto sect Zen temple in the prefecture.
It is said that Fujiwara no Fujifusa, who was an aide to Emperor Godaigo, was the second person to become the priest of the temple.
- source : www.acvb.or.jp/en/sightseeing

Matsubara-26 Sannai, Akita City

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- - - - - Page of the temple
- source : www.tohoku36fudo.jp


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- - - reference - - -


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .
Temple Shinshooji 新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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. Japan - after the BIG earthquake .
March 11, 2011, 14:46

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9/11/2014

Ogi Shiga

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Statues in Oogi, Ōgi 仰木 Ogi

- shared by Bradford Pomeroy - facebook group

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at Kiyomizu Waterfall 清水の滝







The Kurikara sword

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This Fudo has lost his sword.


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at temple Kenryu-Ji


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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9/10/2014

Kotakuji Yamagata

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Kootakuji 荒沢寺 Kotaku-Ji

Nr. 06 羽黒山 Hagurosan 正善院 Shozen-In - 荒沢不動尊 Arasawa Fudo
Kootakuji 荒沢寺 Kotaku-Ji, Kotakuji
Yamagata 山形県 - 布施の道場 - fuse

. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 




. Haguro San 羽黒山 .
羽黒出羽三山 Three mountains of Dewa .

- Introduction -

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Kootakuji 荒沢寺 Kotaku-Ji, Kotakuji



Yamagata, Tsuruoka, Haguromachi town, Toge 231/232
山形県鶴岡市羽黒町大字手向字手向232

It was part of a large complex of temples and the center of Haguro Shugendo in Yamagata. During the 1870's Shrines and Temples were separated.
Kotaku-Ji was the innermost temple.

Important statues in the temple are
大日如来 Dainichi Nyorai ,  阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai
and 観音菩薩 Kannon Bosatsu.

- Chant of the temple
闇き世を 明らけくこそ 照らすらし 
法の切火の絶ることなく



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- quote
Shozenin Koganedo Temple, Mt. Haguro 黄金堂
Designated a national treasure in 1929 and a national important cultural property in 1950.
This Buddhist temple belongs to the Hagurosan Kotakuji Shozenin Temple and is the first of the 33 sacred Kannon pilgrimage sites in Shonai.
In contrast to Daikondo Temple (“big gold temple”) on top of Mt. Haguro (formerly Jakko Temple, Mt. Haguro and currently Sanshin-Gosaidan, Mt. Haguro), this temple is Shokondo (“small gold temple”), but came to be called Koganedo Temple (“gold temple”) after the 33 statues of the goddess of mercy, Kannon that reflect a golden color.
Although tradition says it was built in 728 by the order of the Emperor Shomu, very likely it was constructed in 1193 by Minamoto no Yoritomo who appointed Sanehira Doi to build it to pray for suppression of the Fujiwara Clan in Hiraizumi.


Fudo Myo-O is written on the blue flag.

Later, in 1593 the castle lord of Sakata, Kagetsugu Amakasu and Uesugi’s vassal, Naoe Kanetsugu conducted large-scale renovations over 3 years, resulting in the Koganedo Temple of today. Legend also says there is buried treasure within the temple grounds.
A 5ken (1ken=1.8m; counter used to number the gaps between pillars), 4-sided, 1-story construction with copper roofing.

Mt. Haguro did not escape efforts in the Meiji Period to eliminate Buddhist temples and statues as the result of an edict separating the Shinto and Buddhist religions. Koganedo Temple is one of 3 existing temples that survived during the destruction of the 10 large temples that formed Mt. Haguro at the height of its golden age. The proper name is Hagurosan Chojuji Kondo.

There are Buddhist images enshrined within Koganedo Temple from various eras, such as the Heian, Kamakura, Muromachi, Azuchi-Momoyama, and Edo periods, as well as 2 pairs of kongo rikishi statues (one at the main temple gate created by Kouon in 1633 and one within the hall made by Zenkei in 1695), a Zenbutsu object of worship that was once housed in the Five-storied Pagoda on Mt. Haguro, and 33 life-sized statues of Sho Kanzeon Bosatsu (goddess of mercy)—a rarity even in Tohoku.

In addition, the Dewa Honjibutsu (original Buddhist divinity; Kannon, Amitabha, and Dainichi) of the three mountains that were in the sanctuary at Daikondo Temple (formerly Jakko Temple, Mt. Haguro and currently Sanshin-Gosaidan, Mt. Haguro) on the top of Mt. Haguro can be worshipped at Otake Dainichido Hall located within the same grounds.
- source : shonai-bunka.jp/en

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- quote
The Autumn Peak - aki no mine-iri 秋の峰入り
..... In Toge on August 25, shugenja make last preparations before journeying in procession to Kotakuji, in the depths of Mt Haguro. They eat their last meal for the next three days. The Tobu Daisendatsu wraps a sheet of white paper folded into the shape of a sword over his leggings. This is identical to what is placed on the head of a dead person for the funeral. It symbolizes the separation of death from life, and in addition is a representation of the sword of Fudo Myoo, a divinity associated with Shugendo. The white robes that both he and the Sho-Daisendatsu wear are identical to those worn by the dead.
..... The former Fudo Hall has now been converted into a shrine called Otaki Jinja.
..... There was once a statue of Fudo Myoo almost two meters high enshrined here. The shugenja, who have yet attain the realm of enlightenment, see Fudo, an avatar of Dainichi Nyorai, as a frightening figure.
.
Namu Arasawa Taisho Fudo Myoo
(I place my trust in Taisho Fudo Myoo of Arasawa)

.
Namu kimyo shorai tobu daisendatsu Fudoin Hodo daiajari
(I place my trust in the Tobu Daisendatsu, the Great Ajari Fudoin Hodo)

.
A long article, read here
- source : hagurokanko.jp/en


- Haguro Shugendo - The Autumn Peak
- source : Mark Schumacher
(long PDF file)

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source : hinokuruma.at.webry.info

namu Fudo Myo-O 南無不動明王



- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.tohoku36fudo.jp


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- quote
... In Haguro, Yamabushi living close to the temple, during the weeks which precede the autumn pilgrimage in the mounts of Dewa-Sanzan and with the Kotakuji monastery, meet to carry out the preparation of material of clothing and the equipment necessary for the pilgrimage. For Mine-iri in the Omine mounts, they are the monks of Shogoin who prepare in the temple of Kyoto all the material necessary. Nevertheless, the purchase of the costume of yamabushi (worn by ritual which is essential for all shugenja considering its comfort and its utility) remains the responsibility of each one according to his rank and capacities (financial).
- source : www.shugendo.fr/en

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於竹大日如来縁起絵巻

- quote
Otake Dainich-nyorai engi emaki
(History of the Otake Buddha)

The Otake Dainichi-nyorai engi emaki is painted on three scrolls and in the possession of Kotakuji-Shozenin, the headquarters and training center of the Haguro Shugendo sect.
This emaki explains the origin of the Otake Dainichi-do, a sanctuary within the temple's compound enshrining Otake Dainichi Buddha. The scrolls depict the legend of the woman Otake, who is considered by Haguro Shugendo to be an incarnation of Dainichi Buddha.
This database, with digitized pictures of the emaki and Otake related resources, was created with the full support
- source : www.nichibun.ac.jp


- MORE about
. O-Take Nyorai 於竹大日 .
and a haiku by Kobayashi Issa

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- - - reference - - -

Matsuo Basho and 出羽三山 羽黒町 - 手向の宿
正善院黄金(こがね)堂 and the remains of the home of his disciple Romaru 呂丸宅跡
- source : bashouan.com


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

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. Haguro San 羽黒山 .
羽黒 出羽三山 Three mountains of Dewa .

- Introduction -

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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. Japan - after the BIG earthquake .
March 11, 2011, 14:46

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9/08/2014

yakuyoke in Tohoku

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Yakuyoke Fudo in Tohoku 厄除不動尊

. Yakuyoke Fudo 厄除不動 Fudo to ward off evil .
- Introduction -


05 龍覚寺 - 厄除不動尊 - Yakuyoke Fudo Yamagata
07 普伝寺 - 厄除不動 Yakuyoke Fudo Akita
14 大圓寺 - 厄除不動尊 - Yakuyoke Fudo Aomori
18 青龍寺 -厄除不動 - Yakuyoke Fudo Aomori
introduced below

34 成田山 圓養寺 真言宗智山派 - 厄除不動 - Yakuyoke Fudo Fukushima
. Enyooji 圓養寺 Enyo-Ji / 円養院 Enyo-In - Shirakawa .

. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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Nr. 05 新山 - 龍覚寺 - 厄除不動尊 - Yakuyoke Fudo
Ryuukakuji 龍覚寺 Ryukaku-Ji
Yamagata 山形県 - 布施の道場 - fuse

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山形県鶴岡市泉町1-13
1-13 Izumimachi, Tsuruoka, Yamagata

This is also pilgrim temple Nr. 28 in
Shonai 33 Kannon temples 庄内三十三観音 

A temple of this name is located at the beginning of the ascent to mount Haguro San 羽黒山. Since old people, children and pregnant women could not climb this mountain, there was a second temple of this name in the town of Tsurugaoka built in 1166, where they could come to pray, especially to a statue of Kannon Bosatsu. The temple has been relocated twice and in 1612 was placed in its present location at 高畑土提上.

When daimyo Sakai Tadakatsu 酒井忠勝 (1587 - 1662) became lord of the domain in 1622, the temple was in the kimon 鬼門 direction of his castle. He also placed a statue of Fudo Myo-O to pray for peace in the reigon.

Other famous statues of this temple are
聖観音像、金剛界大日如来、古四王権現、摩利支天、弁財天等


- Chant of the temple
空飛ふやここ鶴岡の龍覚寺 
慈眼を仰ぎ 合す両の手



statue of 大聖不動明王

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- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.tohoku36fudo.jp


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07 普光山 - 普伝寺 - 厄除不動 Yakuyoke Fudo
Fudenji 普伝寺 Fuden-Ji
Akita 秋田県 - 持戒の道場 - jikai

秋田県秋田市大町4-5-37
4 Chome-5-37 Ōmachi, Akita-shi, Akita



- Chant of the temple
受くる身の 厄難消滅 有難や 
成就の御佛 南無不動尊


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There is also a Fudenji in Italy !!
CHANGE WITHIN TRADITION
A LIFE OF COMMUNION AND SALVATION


The worshipful silence
of a pentecostal companionship
is lived in quiet emptiness,
waiting for what cannot be anticipated
through mystery and in
communion of spirit,
meets the truth of man
that is
Buddha


43039 Salsomaggiore Terme - Bargone 113
- source : www.fudenji.it/en

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14 神岡山 - 大圓寺 - 厄除不動尊 - Yakuyoke Fudo
Daienji 大圓寺 / 大円寺 Daien-Ji
Aomori 青森県 - 忍辱の道場 ninniku

青森県南津軽郡大鰐町大字蔵館字村岡12
Muraoka-12 Kuradate, Ōwani-machi, Minamitsugaru-gun, Aomori

It used to be called 阿闍羅山千坊 of temple 高伯寺.

- Chant of the temple
大聖の 慈悲にすがりて 阿闍羅山 
昔も今も めざす大日



source : kitano3.exblog.jp





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18 全仏山 - 青龍寺 -厄除不動 - Yakuyoke Fudo 
Seiryuuji 青龍寺 Seiryu-Ji
Aomori 青森県 - 忍辱の道場 ninniku

青森県青森市大字桑原字山崎45
Yamazaki-45 Kuwabara, Aomori-shi, Aomori

The temple is famous for the Great Buddha of Showa
Showa Daibutsu 昭和大仏
- reference -

- Chant of the temple
桑原の昭和大佛 参りませ 
佛の恵み 盡きる事なく




- Homepage of the temple
- source : showa-daibutu.com



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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Introduction .
 

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and talismans from Japan . 

. Japanese Temples - ABC list - .


. 東北三十六不動尊霊場
36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku .
 

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. Japan - after the BIG earthquake .
March 11, 2011, 14:46

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
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