7/22/2008

NORTH . Kitamuki and Kimon

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Kitamuki Fudo ... 北向き不動 ...
Fudo facing North

北向きのお不動さん , 北向不動
kita-muki, kita muki
The north is considered an un-auspicious region and needs protection from real and imagined enemies, fiends and demons.  
The deity usually associated with the NORTH is

Bishamonten 毘沙門天
Vaishravana ~ Heavenly King of the North

Tortoise (Black Warrior) = North, Winter, Black, Water 
Genbu 玄武

More is here
Four Directions (toozai nanboku)East, West, North, South

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Kimon, the "Demon Gate" 鬼門,

quote
Chinese geomancy (Ch: feng shui), a system for determining auspicious or inauspicious placements and orientations of cities, temples, houses, and graves. In Chinese thought, the northeast quarter is considered to be particularly inauspicious. The northeast direction is known as the "demon gate," which can be loosely translated as the place where "demons gather and enter." This belief was imported by the Japanese and is referred to as Kimon (literally "Demon Gate").
Kimon generally means ominous direction, or taboo direction. In Japan, both the monkey and the fox are guardians against evil Kimon influences.

In Japan, the monkey's role in guarding against demons originates from the Japanese word for monkey (猿, pronounced saru), which is a homonym for the Japanese word "expel" (去る, also pronounced saru). The latter word means to "dispel, punch out, push away, beat away."
source :  MONKEY IN JAPAN / Mark Schumacher


CLICK for enlargement
© PHOTO : taishi


The KIMON for the city of Kyoto was the double-peaked Mt. Hiei.
. WKD : Hieizan Temple Enryakuji 比叡山延暦寺  
See the haiku of Issa below.



Kimon Konjin 鬼門金神
was another powerful deity of the North-East (ushitora, ox-tiger).
WKD : The Deity of Metal, Konjin

CLICK for .. Japanese wikipedia article

His heavenly direction changes with every year and if you do something to displease him, he will kill seven people (nanasatsu 七殺) (even your neighbours) to show his wrath.

There were four days, one in each season, in his honor where you had to be especially careful not do anything to anger this deity.
春の丑の日、夏の申の日、秋の未の日、冬の酉の日
ox day in spring, monkey day in summer,
sheep day in autumn, cock day in winter


Photo source : 神霊の思頼
CLICK for enlargement !

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Let us look at some Fudo Myo-O, facing North !

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At the temple Fudo-Ji 不動寺 in Kyoto.
It is also called Matsubara Fudo 松原不動.
下京区松原通麩屋町

Emperor Kanmu Tenno 桓武天皇 had four "Iwakura" Sacred Stone Areas constructed in Kyoto, one for each heavenly direction. This temle was in the south : 南岩倉 明王院不動寺.
Today the temple is rather small and looks almost like a normal old house.

CLICK for origina LINK .. blog.shinise.ne.jp


There is also another temple in South Iwakura, Konzo-Ji (Konzooji) 金蔵寺, with a famous "Ichigan Fudo" .


This temple is on the northern side of Matsubara Road. Its original function was to protect the capital against demons and evil from the the Northern Side.

Its statue is also called :
"Holy Fudo", Daishoo Fudo 大聖不動


CLICK for original LINK ... ~mamama/kyoto



The Four Iwakura Temples

北岩倉:山住神社(左京区岩倉河原町)

西岩倉:金蔵寺(西京区大原野石作町)

東岩倉:観勝寺(左京区粟田口大日町)

南岩倉:不動寺 this one


sources : ”北向き不動”

CLICK for more photos

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Kitamuki Fudo-In 北向山不動院 - Fushimi
Fushimi 伏見区竹田浄菩提院町61
61 Takeda Jobodaiincho, Fushimi Ward, Kyoto

Nr. 22 in the pilgrimage of Kinki
近畿三十六不動尊霊場第22番

The temple was built in 大治5年(1130)on order of Emperor Toba 鳥羽上皇 / 鳥羽天皇 (1103 - 1156) by Saint Kakuban 覚鑁 (1095 - 1143)

- details TBA -
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Temple Ho-On In 報恩院
Osaka 大阪市中央区高津1-2-28

This temple had been burned down during WW II and even the Fudo statue as we see it today shows signs of severe burning.
It now stands facing North under a large camphor tree.



On the other side is another statue facing south,
Minamimuki Fudo 南向き不動尊

CLICK for original LINK ...
source :  pilgrimari.exblog.jp


Tempel Number 5 of the Kinki Fudo Pilgrimage
近畿三十六不動尊巡礼

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At Otsu Town
大津の北向き不動様


© PHOTO : 月光山洗心庵


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Temple Ensho-Ji (Enshoji) , Iruma City, Saitama
円照寺不動堂(えんしょうじふどうどう)

The "Fudo facing North" has its own hall 北向き不動堂 to the left of the main gate. It was re-constructed in the year 1779. Now the roof tiles have been changed to copper.


© PHOTO : www.city.iruma.saitama.jp


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MORE kitamuki Fudo

sources : ”北向き不動”


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Fudo protecting the North-East Demon Gate
Kimon Yoke no Fudo

In Kamakura, Juniso
This was in the North-East direction of Kamakura, the old capital of Japan.
不動明王は鎌倉幕府の鬼門除けの不動さま
明王院(神奈川県鎌倉市十二所32)
... Kamakura, a Haiku Town in Japan


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Jizo facing North
Kitamuki-Jizo 北向き地蔵


A long time ago, the Ikuta River flowed south from the intersection of Kano-cho along Flower Road. One year, when there was a severe rain, people moved busily about on the riverbanks, stacking sandbags to reinforce weak spots. "Is the bank OK over there?"

"Hey, over here, the bank upstream is about to break!" Several people grabbed sandbags and rushed upstream. The rain, continuing for several days, caused the dirty water of the Ikuta River to increase, and the flow was strong. There were several spots along the banks that looked like they would break soon, but as night fell there were no more sandbags left for reinforcement.

The exhausted people went into the watch lodge on the hill by the bank, where they sat with extreme fatigue. Then they heard sounds of something dragging, then a booming sound, then something rubbing against something else. It sounded like something heavy was being dragged; the sound came from the direction of the river. Another dragging sound, then the sound of something heavy falling in to the water, then water gurgling… It sounded as if something was sinking into the river.

However, the villagers were too tired to go back outside, and one by one fell asleep. When morning came, they found that the sky had cleared and the sun was shining. People got up, went outside to look at the banks, and exclaimed. "Oh my, look there! There's a big tree stuck there, and the bank looks ready to give way!"

"The bank has been reinforced with a big rock." "Look, the Kitamuki-Jizou is on top of the rock!" "That sound we heard last night was the doings of Kitamuki-Jizou. He came to fix the weakened bank. He protected our village."
The thankful people built a hall enshrining Kitamuki-Jizou west of Ikuta River.
source :  kobe city chuo ward

CLICK for more photos
Kitamuki Jizo


Read this essay:
Wayside Shrines at Urban Train Stations:
Religion at the Crossroads
Kitamuki Jizo at Umeda, Osaka

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Kannon Bosatsu facing North
Kitamuki Kannon 北向き観音

CLICK for more photos

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Kitamuki Hachiman Shrine 北向八幡宮
Suma, Kobe City
It was built in 1484.

CLICK for more photos

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. . . . . . . . . . H A I K U

By Kobayashi Issa

鳶の巣も鬼門に持や日枝の山
tobi no su mo kimon ni motsu ya hie no yama

the black kite's nest, too
in the unlucky direction...
Mount Hie



鳥の巣も鬼門に立つや日枝の山
tori no su mo kimon ni tatsu ya hie no yama

the bird's nest, too
in the unlucky direction...
Mount Hie




明星や庵の鬼門の梅の花
myôjô ya io no kimon no ume no hana

morning star--
on my hut's unlucky side
plum blossoms


More KIMON haiku
Tr. David Lanoue



WKD : Morning Star

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Four Directions (toozai nanboku)East, West, North, South
東西南北

Demons ONI 鬼 <> .. Oni, Namahage and more

. Oni 鬼 Demon Amulets .

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. Zodiac Animals and Japanese Folk Toys .


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8 comments:

sakuo said...

鬼門、 Demon gate!
北向き地蔵。
面白い信仰があるものですね。
勉強しました。

sakuo

Gabi Greve said...

ありがとう、SAKUO さん。
日本の信仰。。。いつまでも新しいものばかり。!
GABI

syllable17º said...

. . FAST-FORWARD
comfortable seat
moulded metal envelope
summer scrolling north


. . です。です。早送り
座り心地の良い席
成型金属封筒
夏のスクロール北

Anonymous said...

梅の花庵の鬼門に立りけり
ume no hana io no kimon ni tatari keri

blooming plum tree
in the hut's
unlucky direction

Issa
Tr. David Lanoue

Gabi Greve said...

yashikigami 屋敷神 "estate deities

Many shrines for the estate deities are placed in the North-East corner of the estate, the KIMON direction.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...



The statue of Fudo Myo-O has been carved by Jigaku Daishi more than 1100 years ago. He built the temple to protect the region from evil influence in the unlucky "Demon Gate" (鬼門 kimon) Northern direction. He carved the statue and placed it into a cave of the cliffs around the waterfall.
.
Temple Aikyoo-In 愛敬院 Aikyo-In
駒場滝不動尊 Komabataki Waterfall Fudo
滝入不動尊 / Komaba no taki 駒場の滝 Komaba Waterfall
Miyagi
.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

表鬼門 omote kimon
.
Located at Kyoto’s northeast corner , where the front spirit gate called Omote Kimon 表鬼門 used by demons is believed to stand, Sekizan Zen-in has been worshipped as the temple to protect the citzen from bad luck coming through that gate.

Temple Zen-In, Sekizan Zen-In 赤山禅院 - Kyoto

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

telephone card テレフォン カード
with Fudo Myo-O
from  
. Enshooji 円照寺 Ensho-Ji .
Saitama